Subramanyam N. Murthy

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BACKGROUND We undertook this study in order to fully characterize the clinical and histopathology features of the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) model of experimental murine colitis and to discover the earliest histopathologic changes that lead to colitis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Acute colitis was induced in Swiss-Webster mice by 7 days of oral DSS with animals(More)
Animal models of colitis, which develop dysplasia and cancer similar to human ulcerative colitis are needed to further investigate the dysplasia cancer sequence. This study describes the expression of B-catenin and p53 along with the histopathology and inflammation scores as they relate to dysplasia and cancer in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily originally shown to play a critical role in adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis, has recently been implicated as a regulator of cellular proliferation and inflammatory responses. Colonic epithelial cells, which express high(More)
Tissue resident mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to participate in tissue regeneration that follows cell turnover, apoptosis, or necrosis. It has been long known that aging impedes an organism's repair/regeneration capabilities. In order to study the age associated changes, the molecular characteristics of adipose tissue derived MSCs (ASCs) from(More)
Band 3, the anion transport protein of the human erythrocyte, provides the site of association of certain glycolytic enzymes with the membrane. We have now demonstrated that glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase is inhibited, reversibly and completely, when membrane bound. The inhibition was competitive with respect to NAD+ and arsenate, but was noncompetitive(More)
It has been reported previously (Turner, P.M., and Lorand, L. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 628-635) that human erythrocyte transglutaminase forms a noncovalent complex with human plasma fibronectin near its collagen-binding domain. In the present study, we show by nondenaturing electrophoresis that guinea pig liver transglutaminase, similarly to the erythrocyte(More)
Complex formation between the human erythrocyte transglutaminase (protein-glutamine:amine gamma-glutamyltransferase, EC 2.3.2.13) and fibronectin or its fragments was examined by immunoanalytical procedures and by fluorescence polarization. A 42-kDa gelatin-binding structure, obtained from human plasma fibronectin by thermolytic digestion, showed as high an(More)
The administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been proposed for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. However, the effect of intratracheally administered MSCs on the pulmonary vascular bed in monocrotaline-treated rats has not been determined. In the present study, the effect of intratracheal administration of rat MSCs (rMSCs) on(More)
A portion of the neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer's disease has the characteristics of cross-linked protein. Because the principal component of these lesions is the microtubule-associated protein tau, and because a major source of cross-linking activity within neurons is supplied by tissue transglutaminase (TGase), it has been postulated that isopeptide(More)
Mere addition of Ca2+ to a lens cortical homogenate (bovine) generates a series of products composed of a variety of high molecular weight vimentin species. The Ca2+-induced cross-linking of this cytoskeletal element seems to be mediated by the intrinsic transglutaminase of lens, because the reaction could be blocked at the monomeric state of vimentin by(More)