Subramanya Hegde

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NKT cells are innate lymphocytes that can recognize self or foreign lipids presented by CD1d molecules. NKT cells have been shown to inhibit the development of autoimmunity in murine model systems, however, the pathways by which they foster immune tolerance remain poorly understood. Here we show that autoreactive human NKT cells stimulate monocytes to(More)
Monocytes can differentiate into macrophages or dendritic cells (DCs). The processes that promote their differentiation along one pathway rather than the other remain unknown. NKT cells are regulatory T cells that respond functionally to self and foreign antigens presented by CD1d molecules. Hence, in addition to contributing to antimicrobial responses,(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are innate T lymphocytes that are restricted by CD1d antigen-presenting molecules and recognize lipids and glycolipids as antigens. NKT cells have attracted attention for their potent immunoregulatory effects. Like other types of regulatory lymphocytes, a high proportion of NKT cells appear to be autoreactive to self antigens.(More)
Natural killer T cells are an innate population of T lymphocytes that recognize antigens derived from host lipids and glycolipids. In this review, we focus on how these unique T cells are positioned to influence both acute and chronic inflammatory processes through their early recruitment to sites of inflammation, interactions with myeloid antigen(More)
Invariant NKT cells (iNKT cells) are innate T lymphocytes that are thought to play an important role in producing an early burst of IFN-γ that promotes successful tumor immunosurveillance and antimicrobial immunity. The cellular activation processes underlying innate IFN-γ production remain poorly understood. We show here that weak T cell receptor (TCR)(More)
NKT cells have been shown to promote peripheral tolerance in a number of model systems, yet the processes by which they exert their regulatory effects remain poorly understood. Here, we show that soluble factors secreted by human NKT cells instruct human peripheral blood monocytes to differentiate into myeloid APCs that have suppressive properties. NKT(More)
Cytolytic T cells, acting through cytokines or by direct lysis of infected target cells, have been shown to play a significant role in the control of viral infections and may be responsible for the prolonged asymptomatic phase following infection by HIV. Accordingly, methods that can generate strong cell-mediated immune responses may be useful in the(More)
The T cell migration stop signal is a central step in T cell activation and inflammation; however, its regulatory mechanisms remain largely unknown. Using a live-cell, imaging-based, high-throughput screen, we identified the PG, PGE(2), as a T cell stop signal antagonist. Src kinase inhibitors, microtubule inhibitors, and PGE(2) prevented the T cell stop(More)
CD1 molecules are glycoproteins that present lipids and glycolipids for recognition by T cells. CD1-dependent immune activation has been implicated in a wide range of immune responses, however, our understanding of the role of this pathway in human disease remains limited because of species differences between humans and other mammals: whereas humans(More)
Delayed-type hypersensitivity response (DTH) is a rapid in vivo manifestation of T cell-dependent immune response to a foreign antigen (Ag) that the host immune system has experienced in the recent past. DTH reactions are often divided into a sensitization phase, referring to the initial antigen experience, and a challenge phase, which usually follows(More)
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