Subramanian Vedhanarayanan Karthikeyan

Learn More
The PDZ1 domain of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) binds with nanomolar affinity to the carboxyl-terminal sequence QDTRL of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and plays a central role in the cellular localization and physiological regulation of this chloride channel. The crystal structure of human NHERF PDZ1(More)
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme catalyzing the opening of the cyclopropane ring of ACC to give alpha-ketobutyric acid and ammonia as the products. This ring cleavage reaction is unusual because the substrate, ACC, contains no abstractable alpha-proton and the carboxyl group is retained in(More)
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF; also known as EBP50) contains two PDZ domains that mediate the assembly of transmembrane and cytosolic proteins into functional signal transduction complexes. The NHERF PDZ1 domain interacts specifically with the motifs DSLL, DSFL, and DTRL present at the carboxyl termini of the beta(2) adrenergic receptor(More)
Ubiquitination regulates, via different modes of modifications, a variety of biological processes, and aberrations in the process have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases. However, our ability to dissect the pathophysiological relevance of the ubiquitination code has been hampered due to the lack of methods that allow(More)
Pyridine dinucleotides (NAD and NADP) are ubiquitous cofactors involved in hundreds of redox reactions essential for the energy transduction and metabolism in all living cells. In addition, NAD also serves as a substrate for ADP-ribosylation of a number of nuclear proteins, for silent information regulator 2 (Sir2)-like histone deacetylase that is involved(More)
The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides derived from substituted isatins and 1,3-thiazolane-4-carboxylic acid to a series of 1-methyl-3,5-bis[(E)-arylmethylidene]-tetrahydro-4(1H)-pyridinones afforded novel spiro-pyrrolothiazoles chemo-, regio- and stereoselectively in quantitative yields. These compounds were screened for their in vitro activity(More)
Riboflavin kinase (RFK) is an essential enzyme catalyzing the phosphorylation of riboflavin (vitamin B(2)) to form FMN, an obligatory step in vitamin B(2) utilization and flavin cofactor synthesis. The structure of human RFK revealed a six-stranded antiparallel beta barrel core structurally similar to the riboflavin synthase/ferredoxin reductase FAD binding(More)
The desulfurization reaction introduced by Yan and Dawson as a postnative chemical ligation step greatly expanded the scope of ligation chemistry beyond Xaa-Cys (Xaa is any amino acid) by making ligation at Xaa-Phe, Xaa-Val, Xaa-Lys, Xaa-Leu, Xaa-Thr, and Xaa-Pro junctions accessible in the synthesis of functional proteins. A new ligation site based on(More)
Using several tens of rationally-selected substitutions, insertions and deletions of predominantly non-contiguous residues, we have remodeled the solvent-exposed face of a beta sheet functioning as the substrate-binding and catalytically-active groove of a thermophile cellulase (Rhodothermus marinus Cel12A) to cause it to resemble, both in its structure and(More)