Subramanian Vedhanarayanan Karthikeyan

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The PDZ1 domain of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) binds with nanomolar affinity to the carboxyl-terminal sequence QDTRL of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and plays a central role in the cellular localization and physiological regulation of this chloride channel. The crystal structure of human NHERF PDZ1(More)
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) binds through its PDZ1 domain to the carboxyl-terminal sequences NDSLL and EDSFL of the beta(2) adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor, respectively, and plays a critical role in the membrane localization and physiological regulation of these receptors. The crystal(More)
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF; also known as EBP50) contains two PDZ domains that mediate the assembly of transmembrane and cytosolic proteins into functional signal transduction complexes. The NHERF PDZ1 domain interacts specifically with the motifs DSLL, DSFL, and DTRL present at the carboxyl termini of the beta(2) adrenergic receptor(More)
Pyridine dinucleotides (NAD and NADP) are ubiquitous cofactors involved in hundreds of redox reactions essential for the energy transduction and metabolism in all living cells. In addition, NAD also serves as a substrate for ADP-ribosylation of a number of nuclear proteins, for silent information regulator 2 (Sir2)-like histone deacetylase that is involved(More)
Riboflavin kinase (RFK) is an essential enzyme catalyzing the phosphorylation of riboflavin (vitamin B(2)) to form FMN, an obligatory step in vitamin B(2) utilization and flavin cofactor synthesis. The structure of human RFK revealed a six-stranded antiparallel beta barrel core structurally similar to the riboflavin synthase/ferredoxin reductase FAD binding(More)
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme catalyzing the opening of the cyclopropane ring of ACC to give alpha-ketobutyric acid and ammonia as the products. This ring cleavage reaction is unusual because the substrate, ACC, contains no abstractable alpha-proton and the carboxyl group is retained in(More)
Riboflavin kinase (RFK) is an essential enzyme catalyzing the phosphorylation of riboflavin (vitamin B(2)) in the presence of ATP and Mg(2+) to form the active cofactor FMN, which can be further converted to FAD. Previously, the crystal structures of RFKs from human and Schizosaccharomyces pombe have been determined in the apo form and in complex with(More)
Ubiquitination regulates, via different modes of modifications, a variety of biological processes, and aberrations in the process have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases. However, our ability to dissect the pathophysiological relevance of the ubiquitination code has been hampered due to the lack of methods that allow(More)
Using several tens of rationally-selected substitutions, insertions and deletions of predominantly non-contiguous residues, we have remodeled the solvent-exposed face of a beta sheet functioning as the substrate-binding and catalytically-active groove of a thermophile cellulase (Rhodothermus marinus Cel12A) to cause it to resemble, both in its structure and(More)