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BACKGROUND Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorder with a prevalence of 8-12%. Even though psychostimulants remain the treatment of choice, its cost and availability in developing countries limits the usage of the drug. In view of free availability and low cost, a Randomized controlled study(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of combined use of scorpion antivenom (SAV) with prazosin, compared with prazosin alone in children with Mesobuthus tamulus scorpion envenomation. STUDY DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING A tertiary care hospital in south India. PATIENTS 50 children with definite history and/or systemic manifestations of(More)
We have evaluated a new set of primers (TRC(4)) in comparison with the IS6110 primers commonly used in PCR to detect tuberculous meningitis among children. The levels of concordance between the results of IS6110 PCR and TRC(4) PCR with cerebrospinal fluid specimens from patients with clinically confirmed tuberculous meningitis were 80 and 86%, respectively.(More)
In order to determine the efficacy of short course chemotherapy (SCC) for tuberculosis in children, 83 newly diagnosed cases in children < 12 years old were given SCC and were prospectively followed for 1-3 years. Seventy-one cases were treated for 6-9 months as they had mild to moderate involvement. Twelve cases were treated for 12 months as they had(More)
Acute lupus pneumonitis in an 11-year-old girl with lupus nephritis is reported. Chest radiograph and arterial blood gas parameters were suggestive of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Definitive pulmonary infection was excluded by investigations and poor clinical response to antibiotics. The respiratory worsening warranted ventilatory support(More)
This study was designed to examine the effect of nitroglycerine infusion in children hospitalized for scorpion sting with severe myocardial dysfunction and decompensated shock. Children satisfying the inclusion criteria were started on nitroglycerine infusion under hemodynamic monitoring and other supportive measures. The effects of nitroglycerine,(More)
Two hundred term healthy neonates were examined and 14 anthropometric measurements were taken in the face and ear region. Difference between the sexes was observed in ear length, ear breadth, and philtrum. Significant correlation was found between ear placement and ear length; and outer and inner canthal distances (p less than 0.001). The paper provides(More)
BACKGROUND Although the term acute renal failure was replaced by acute kidney injury (AKI) recently, there is a paucity of data on the incidence and profile of AKI in critically ill children from the developing world. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to determine the incidence, etiology, short term outcome and predictors of fatality in critically(More)
The emergence of ciprofloxacin resistance in Shigella has shifted the attention to cephalosporins. The first occurrence of third generation cephalosporin-resistant Shigella flexneri was from France. This article reports the first case of cephalosporin-resistant S. flexneri from India. A 12-month-old child was admitted for a 20-day episode of loose stools,(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the pattern of intracranial structural lesions in developmentally normal children with partial motor seizures by computed tomography and to monitor the behavior of single ring enhancing lesion (SREL) after a period of time with or without treatment. METHODS Consecutive developmentally normal children between one year and twelve years(More)