Subramaniam Uthayathas

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Long-term dopamine replacement therapy in Parkinson's disease leads to the development of disabling involuntary movements named dyskinesias that are related to adaptive changes in striatal signaling pathways. The chronic transcription factor DeltaFosB, which is overexpressed in striatal neurons after chronic dopaminergic drug exposure, is suspected to(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative scale to assess levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) in nonhuman primates using a video-based scoring system [Quantitative Dyskinesia Scale (QDS)]. Six macaques with stable Parkinsonism and LID were used for tests of the new QDS, in comparison with our current standardized scale (Drug-Related Side effects),(More)
Freezing of gait (FOG) is a debilitating feature of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other forms of parkinsonism. The anatomical or pathophysiological correlates are poorly understood largely due to the lack of a well-established animal model. Here we studied whether FOG is reproduced in the non-human primate (NHP) model of PD.(More)
Research into therapeutics for neuropsychiatric disorders is increasingly focusing on drugs with new mechanisms of action, and such agents are often assessed in preclinical studies using nonhuman primates. However, researchers lack a standardised method to compare different drugs for common adverse effects on the nervous system. We have developed a new(More)
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) is highly expressed in striatal medium spiny neurons of both the direct and indirect output pathways. Similar to dopamine D₂ receptor antagonists acting on indirect pathway neurons, PDE10A inhibitors have shown behavioral effects in rodent models that predict antipsychotic efficacy. These findings have supported the clinical(More)
Recent studies have shown that fibroblast transplantation can modify the activity of basal ganglia networks in models of Parkinson’s disease. To determine its effects on parkinsonian motor symptoms, we performed autologous dermal fibroblast transplantation into the internal pallidum (GPi) in two parkinsonian rhesus monkeys with stable levodopa-induced(More)
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