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Pre-mRNA splicing is a complex regulatory nexus modulated by various trans-factors and their posttranslational modifications to create a dynamic transcriptome through alternative splicing. Signal-induced phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of trans-factors are known to regulate alternative splicing. However, the role of other posttranslational(More)
The stabilization of overhang G-rich repetitive DNA units at the 3'-end of telomeres, which are well known to form functionally important G-quadruplex structures, is a current goal in designing novel anticancer drugs. In the present study, we have undertaken an in silico approach by molecular docking using a small molecule library to find potential(More)
A non-toxic, nine residue peptide, NIVNVSLVK is shown to interfere with insulin fibrillation by various biophysical methods. Insulin undergoes conformational changes under certain stress conditions leading to amyloid fibrils. Fibrillation of insulin poses a problem in its long-term storage, reducing its efficacy in treating type II diabetes. The(More)
Lactoferrampin (WR17, Trp 268-Arg 284), an antimicrobial peptide, is known to have significant antibacterial and candidacidal activities. However, there are no previous studies explaining how WR17 permeabilizes the outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria and neutralizes endotoxins. In this study we used a series of assays like antimicrobial activity,(More)
FoxP3, a lineage-specification factor, executes its multiple activities mostly through transcriptional regulation of target genes. We identified an interleukin-10 (IL-10)-producing FoxP3(+) T regulatory cell population that contributes to IL-10-dependent type 2 cytokine bias in breast-cancer patients. Although genetic ablation of FOXP3 inhibited IL10(More)
Indolicidin (IR13), a 13-residue antimicrobial peptide from the cathelicidin family, is known to exhibit a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms. This peptide inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis resulting in cell filamentation. However, the precise mechanism remains unclear and requires further investigation. The central PWWP(More)
The method of saturation transfer difference (STD) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an indispensable NMR tool in drug discovery. It identifies binding epitope(s) at the atomic resolution of small molecule ligands (e.g. organic drugs, peptides and oligosaccharides), while interacting with their receptors, such as proteins and/or nucleic acids. The method(More)
Small molecules that interact with G-quadruplex structures formed by the human telomeric region and stabilize them have the potential to evolve as anticancer therapeutic agents. Herein we report the interaction of a putative anticancer agent from a plant source, chelerythrine, with the human telomeric DNA sequence. It has telomerase inhibitory potential as(More)
A putative anticancer plant alkaloid, Chelerythrine binds to G-quadruplexes at promoters of VEGFA, BCL2 and KRAS genes and down regulates their expression. The association of Chelerythrine to G-quadruplex at the promoters of these oncogenes were monitored using UV absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence anisotropy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, CD melting,(More)