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Transcriptional and post-transcriptional events involved in the induction of sodium potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na+,K(+)-ATPase) by thyroid hormone (T3) were investigated. In vitro transcription of nuclei isolated from cerebra of 5- and 15-day-old normal and hypothyroid rats showed that transcription of all alpha mRNA isoforms (alpha 1, alpha 2 and(More)
A genome-wide association study was carried out in 1020 case subjects with recurrent early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) (onset before age 31) and 1636 control subjects screened to exclude lifetime MDD. Subjects were genotyped with the Affymetrix 6.0 platform. After extensive quality control procedures, 671 424 autosomal single nucleotide(More)
In the developing brain the active neurite outgrowth during the early phase of synaptogenesis is associated with a thyroid hormone dependent expression of tubulin and actin. In this study, the molecular mechanism of thyroid hormone (TH) action on actin and tubulin gene expression in the developing rat brain has been investigated by comparing the steady(More)
Developmental alterations in the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and alpha-tubulin were examined at the level of mRNA and protein in human fetal brain between weeks 13-23 of gestation. Except for a transient increase at week 15, GFAP expression in the cytoskeletal (CSK) fraction was low until week 17, when it increased steadily to week(More)
In the developing rat cerebrum, the level of different isoforms of Na-K-ATPase mRNA increases significantly during the first three postnatal weeks, which represent the critical period of synaptogenesis and myelination-the two thyroid hormone-sensitive maturational events. To determine the possible functional relationship of these isoforms with maturational(More)
The effect of triiodothyronine on the biogenesis of tubulin has been studied in the developing rat brain. In organ cultures of brains from newborn rats, the hormone stimulates the incorporation of [14C]leucine into tubulin by 60-80% within 2 h in the absence of any significant change in total protein synthesis. This stimulation is strictly age-dependent(More)
In cultures of neonatal rat brain cells, labeled with 35S-methionine in the presence or absence of triiodothyronine (T3), the hormone promoted a significant enhancement of labeled tubulin and actin in the insoluble fraction (30,000 g pellet) of cell homogenate. To identify the specific sub-cellular fraction associated with this induction, organ cultures of(More)
The relative effects of triiodothyronine (T3) on the synthesis and turnover of tubulin in the developing rat and chick brain have been examined. Measurements of rates of turnover of radiolabeled tubulin in the hormone-sensitive tissues show that the half-life of tubulin turnover is 4-6 h in the absence of T3 and 10-12 h in the presence of the hormone.(More)
In organ cultures of embryonic chick brain, tri-iodothyronine is shown to elicit an age-dependent stimulation of the synthesis of tubulin. In cultures of brains from 8-day embryos where the response is maximal, a 70-100% increase in the rate of synthesis of tubulin is elicited by T3 within 2 h. The stimulatory response is dose-dependent, requires(More)