Subhash Vyas

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive cell loss confined mostly to dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. Several factors, including oxidative stress, and decreased activity of complex I mitochondrial respiratory chain, are involved in the degenerative process. Yet, the underlying mechanisms leading to(More)
Caspase-3 is an effector of apoptosis in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its potential role in the human pathology remains to be demonstrated. Using caspase-3 immunohistochemistry on the postmortem human brain, we observed a positive correlation between the degree of neuronal loss in dopaminergic (DA) cell groups affected in the(More)
The role played by protein kinase C (PKC) in TH gene regulation was investigated at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels using PC12 cells. The cells were treated with the phorbol ester TPA, which not only activates PKC but also causes down-regulation. PKC levels were monitored by [3H]PDBU binding assay and by using an anti-PKC antibody that(More)
The amino acid content of Torpedo synaptosomes was investigated. It was found that glutamate and taurine were particularly enriched, their concentration exceeding that of acetylcholine by 50-60%. Other amino acids such as alanine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glycine, leucine and phenylalanine were also present, but in smaller quantities. The(More)
We have previously shown that the phorbol ester, TPA, which activates protein kinase C, causes, in PC12 cells, a transcriptional activation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the key enzyme in catecholamine synthesis. The study has now been extended to examine the processes that underlie this transcriptional stimulation and, in addition, to seek whether similar(More)
The expression of the protooncogene bcl-2, an inhibitor of apoptosis in various cells, was examined in the adult human brain. Several experimental criteria were used to verify its presence; mRNA was analyzed by northern blot with parallel experiments in mouse tissues, by RNase protection, and by in situ hybridization histochemistry. Bcl-2 protein was(More)
Dopaminergic (DA) cells of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA) display differences in their topography, biochemistry and susceptibility to pathological processes. Neuronal dopamine concentration is regulated in large part by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme of dopamine synthesis, and by the(More)
The mechanisms that lead ultimately to neuronal death in pathological ageing of the brain remain mostly unknown as in the case of Parkinson's disease where there is a progressive and selective loss of dopaminergic neurons within the substantia nigra. Dopamine-expressing PC12 cells that were neuronally differentiated by nerve growth factor treatment were(More)
The subnormal choline acetyltransferase (ChoAcTase) activity in the cerebral cortex of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) is thought to originate from the loss of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). To examine possible changes in the functional activity of the remaining cholinergic neurons in the nbM of patients with AD, the level(More)