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The intestinal absorption of calcium includes at least three definable steps; transfer across the microvillar membrane, movement through the cytosolic compartment, and energy-dependent extrusion into the lamina propria, Tracing the movement of calcium through the epithelium has been hampered by lack of suitable techniques and, in this study, advantage was(More)
The suitability of liposomes as drug carriers in the treatment of drug-resistant rodent malaria was examined after covalently attaching F(ab')2 fragments of a mouse monoclonal antibody (MAb), MAb F10, raised against the host cell membranes isolated from the Plasmodium berghei-infected mouse erythrocytes, to the liposome surface. The antibody-bearing(More)
Post-translational control of Escherichia coli ribosome on newly synthesised polypeptide leading to its active conformation (protein folding) has been shown in the case of the enzyme beta-galactosidase. As expected, antibiotics chloramphenicol and lincomycin, which bind to 23S rRNA/50S subunit and kasugamycin and streptomycin which interact with the 30S(More)
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), a binary treatment modality that can potentially irradiate tumor tissue within cellular dimensions, is critically dependent on the preferential delivery of 10B to individual neoplastic cells. In this study, ion microscopy was used to quantitatively evaluate the selectivity of p-boronophenylalanine-fructose (BPA-F) in(More)
Co-localization of the elements calcium, potassium, sodium and magnesium with sequestering organelles has been achieved by application of two microscopy techniques on the same cell. Organelles were first localized by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCFM) using fluorescent organelle stains. The same cells were then analyzed for elemental distribution(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Hypovolemic shock is an important cause of death in the emergency department (ED). We sought to conduct a meta-analysis to quantify existing evidence on sonographic measurement of inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter in assessing of volume status adult ED patients. METHODS A search of 5 major databases of biomedical publication,(More)
A method for the conversion of intensity information in ion micrographs of freeze-fractured, freeze-dried cultured cells to local dry weight elemental concentrations is presented. Homogenates generated from cultured cells are used as calibration standards. Ion microscope (IM) relative sensitivity factors for B, Ca, K, Mg, and Na with respect to the matrix(More)
Ion microscopy was employed to investigate intracellular total calcium concentrations and calcium influx, and efflux in resting and antigen-stimulated tumor mast cells (RBL-2H3 cells). The nucleus, a perinuclear region which included the Golgi apparatus (Golgi region), and the remaining cytoplasm were spatially resolved with the Cameca IMS-3f ion microscope(More)
Techniques of fluorescence and ion microscopies were combined to study the free [Ca2+] and total Ca in NIH 3T3 fibroblast and L6 rat myoblast cells. Free Ca2+ measurements with the Ca2+ indicator fura-2 and digital imaging reveal an inhomogeneous distribution of free cytoplasmic Ca2+ in both cell lines. Fura-2 also reveals a difference in free Ca2+ activity(More)