Subhash Chand

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Avidin-modified polyaniline (PANI) electrochemically deposited onto a Pt disk electrode has been utilized for direct detection of Escherichia coli by immobilizing a 5'-biotin-labeled E. coli probe (BdE) using a differential pulse voltammetric technique in the presence of methylene blue as a DNA hybridization indicator. Depending on the target sample and the(More)
Ultrasensitive DNA hybridization biosensor based on polyaniline (PANI) electrochemically deposited onto Pt disc electrode has been fabricated using biotin-avidin as indirect coupling agent to immobilize single-stranded 5'-biotin end-labeled polydeoxycytidine (BdC) probes and 5'-biotin end-labeled 35 base-long oligonucleotide probe (BdE) to detect(More)
Repeated batch cultivation (empty-and-fill protocol) using obligate anaerobe Clostridium diolis was attempted in the present study to improve the production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD). In repeated batch operation, 20 % (v/v) culture broth was removed from the bioreactor and supplemented with an equal volume of fresh nutrient medium when the residual(More)
Enzymes have attracted the attention of scientists world over due to their wide range of physiological, analytical and industrial applications. Although enzymes have been isolated, purified and studied from microbial, animal and plant sources, microorganisms represent the most common source of enzymes due to their broad biochemical diversity, feasibility of(More)
In the present study, we have investigated the use of Pichia etchellsii whole cells for synthesis of long-chain alkyl glucosides. Methyl-β-d-glucopyranoside (MG) was used in reaction with fatty alcohols, n-hexanol, n-octanol, n-decanol and n-dodecanol to synthesize the respective alkyl glucosides. The initial reaction conditions were first optimized at 2.5(More)
The blend membranes with varying weight ratios of chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) (CS/PVA) (1:0, 1:1, 1:2.5, 1.5:1, 1.5: 2.5) were prepared using solvent casting method and were evaluated for their potential application in single-use membrane bioreactors (MBRs). The physicochemical properties of the prepared membranes were investigated for chemical(More)
Octyl-β-D-glucopyranoside was synthesized by transglucosylation between p-nitrophenyl β-D-glucopyranoside (pNPG) and octanol as an acceptor using whole cells of thermo tolerant yeast Pichia etchellsii displaying cell wall bound β-glucosidase. Effect of several parameters such as glucosyl donor concentration, enzyme units and initial water activity was(More)
Alkyl-glucosides and alkyl-polyglucosides are the new-generation biodegradable surfactants with good emulsifying and wetting properties. The α-forms of these glucosides occur in antibiotics and also stimulate nasal absorption of many drugs. In this paper, we report the synthesis of hexyl α-glucoside and α-polyglucosides using cell-bound α-glucosidase(More)
Significant studies on phospholipases optimization, characterization, physiological role and industrial potential have been conducted worldwide. Some of them have been directed for biotechnological advances such as gene discovery and functional enhancement by protein engineering. Others reported phospholipases as virulence factor and major cause of(More)
Among a number of yeast strains screened for whole cell transgalactosylating activity, Kluyveromyces marxianus NCIM 3551 was found to be most suitable biocatalyst for production of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS). Cell permeabilization lead to an efficient bioconversion by β-galactosidase resulting in synthesis of GOS. A maximum GOS yield of 36% (w/w) of(More)