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Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) allow selective targeting of cytotoxic drugs to cancer cells presenting tumor-associated surface markers, thereby minimizing systemic toxicity. Traditionally, the drug is conjugated nonselectively to cysteine or lysine residues in the antibody. However, these strategies often lead to heterogeneous products, which make(More)
Monoclonal antibody (mAb) 38C2 belongs to a group of catalytic antibodies that were generated by reactive immunization and contains a reactive lysine. 38C2 catalyzes aldol and retro-aldol reactions, using an enamine mechanism, and mechanistically mimics natural aldolase enzymes. In addition, mAb 38C2 can be redirected to target integrins alpha(v)beta(3) and(More)
Mouse monoclonal antibody 38C2 is the prototype of a new class of catalytic antibodies that were generated by reactive immunization. Through a reactive lysine, 38C2 catalyzes aldol and retro-aldol reactions using the enamine mechanism of natural aldolases. In addition to its remarkable versatility and efficacy in synthetic organic chemistry, 38C2 has been(More)
A series of beta-diketone derivatives of RGD peptidomimetics that selectively bind to alphavbeta3 and alphavbeta5 integrins were synthesized and covalently docked to the reactive lysine residues of monoclonal aldolase antibody 38C2. The resulting targeting devices strongly and selectively bound to human cancer cells expressing integrins alphavbeta3 and(More)
Proposing that a blend of the chemical diversity of small synthetic molecules with the immunological characteristics of the antibody molecule will lead to therapeutic agents with superior properties, we here present a device that equips small synthetic molecules with both effector function and long serum half-life of a generic antibody molecule. As a(More)
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) pumps protons across the membrane using downhill redox energy. The Escherichia coli complex I consists of 13 different subunits named NuoA-N coded by the nuo operon. Due to the low abundance of the protein and some difficulty with the genetic manipulation of its large ~15-kb operon, purification of E. coli complex(More)
An efficient monoclonal aldolase antibody that proceeds by an enamine mechanism was generated by reactive immunization. Here, this catalyst has been used in the total synthesis of epothilones A (1) and C (3). The starting materials for the synthesis of these molecules have been obtained by using antibody-catalyzed aldol and retro-aldol reactions. These(More)
Novel monomethylauristatin E (MMAE) prodrug 8 was designed and prepared that bound cell surface glycoprotein integrin αvβ3, and was activated using legumain protease as a catalyst. Upon activation, prodrug 8 strongly induced the death of MDA-MB-435 cells that express integrin αvβ3 on cell surface. Efficacies of prodrug 8 were also determined in vivo using(More)
[formula: see text] Three monoclonal aldolase antibodies, generated against a beta-diketone hapten by reactive immunization, catalyzed rapid and highly enantioselective retro-aldol reactions of ent-8a-k, providing optically pure 8a-k by kinetic resolution. Compounds (+/-)-8a, (+/-)-8g, and (+/-)-8k have been resolved in multigram quantities using 0.003,(More)
Tissue factor (TF), a rate-limiting enzyme cofactor in activating coagulation, is highly expressed in a wide spectrum of human tumor and tumor stromal cells. Using TF-deficient cancer cells and a conditional TF-knockout mouse model, we show that TF expressed by cancer cells, but not by the host stromal cells, plays a critical role in tumor growth. In the(More)