Subhash B Pai

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Fenaminosulf (p-dimethylaminobenzenediazo sodium sulfonate, CAS registry No. 140-56-7) which is an active ingredient in several commercial fungicides was reported to be mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium (McCann et al., 1975), Bacillus subtilis (Kada et al., 1974) and shown to cause chromosome aberrations in plants (Zutshi and Kaul, 1975). Since(More)
Tubby-like proteins (TLPs) have been associated with hormone signaling and responses to abiotic and biotic stress in plants. Recently, Arabidopsis thaliana TLP3 was found to translocate from the plasma membrane of cells in response to distinct abiotic stresses, thereby activating cellular signaling. In addition, several AtTLPs were demonstrated to be(More)
Even though conventional chemotherapeutic management of cancer has reduced morbidity and mortality to a great extent, virtually all chemotherapeutic agents cause damage to healthy cells, necessitating exploration of novel anticancer agents that exert their effects through an alternate mode of action. Objectives of our research were twofold. First, we(More)
Fensulfothion (O,O-diethyl O-[4-(methylsulfinyl)phenyl]phosphorothioate), an organophosphorus pesticide used to control the golden nematode Heterodera rostochiensis, is used as a source of carbon by microorganisms isolated from soils treated with the pesticide. Two of the microbial isolates, Pseudomonas alcaligenes C1 and Alcaligenes sp. strain NC3, used(More)
The emergence of resistance to lamivudine has been one of the major stumbling blocks to successful treatment and control of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. The major mechanism of resistance has been attributed to the alteration in the YMDD motif of the HBV polymerase due to an amino acid change of rtM204 to V/I and an accompanying rtL180M conversion. A(More)
1-(2,3-Dideoxy-2-fluoro-beta-L-glyceropent-2-enofuranosyl)cytosine (L-2'-Fd4C) is an L-nucleoside analogue with both anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity with median effective concentrations of 0.12 microM in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and 0.002 microM in HepG2-2.2.15 cells, respectively. The purpose of(More)
MORC1 and MORC2, two of the seven members of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) Compromised Recognition of Turnip Crinkle Virus1 subfamily of microrchidia Gyrase, Heat Shock Protein90, Histidine Kinase, MutL (GHKL) ATPases, were previously shown to be required in multiple layers of plant immunity. Here, we show that the barley (Hordeum vulgare) MORCs(More)
The clinical emergence of lamivudine and adefovir resistance mutations on prolonged therapy further necessitates the development of additional drugs for the treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. We have evaluated a number of novel 2'-fluoro-2',3'-unsaturated D- and L-nucleosides for their anti-HBV activity in the HepG2-2.2.15 cell system. The(More)
A phosphatase catalysing the hydrolysis of organophosphorus pesticides was purified to homogeneity using Cibacron 3GA-Sepharose CL 6B affinity chromatography. The enzyme which is localized in the periplasm of the bacterium Alcaligenes NC5 was extracted by treating with 0.2M MgCl2, pH 8.4. The enzyme was adsorbed to the Cibacron-Sepharose at pH 7.0 and(More)