Subhankar Paul

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A number of acute and chronic neurodegenerative disorders are caused due to misfolding and aggregation of many intra- and extracellular proteins. Protein misfolding and aggregation processes in cells are strongly regulated by cellular molecular chaperones known as heat-shock proteins (Hsps) that include Hsp60, Hsp70, Hsp40, and Hsp90. Recent studies have(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is the major proteolytic pathway that degrades intracellular proteins in a regulated manner. Deregulation of the UPS has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's diseases, Huntington disease, Prion-like lethal disorders, in the pathogenesis of several(More)
Escherichia coli chaperonin GroEL and GroES assist in folding of a wide variety of substrate proteins in the molecular mass range of approximately 50 kDa, using cis mechanism, but limited information is available on how they assist in folding of larger proteins. Considering that the central cavity of GroEL can accommodate a non-native protein of(More)
A large number of neurodegenerative diseases in humans result from protein misfolding and aggregation. Protein misfolding is believed to be the primary cause of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, cystic fibrosis, Gaucher's disease and many other degenerative and neurodegenerative disorders. Cellular(More)
Polyglutamine diseases are a class of inherited neurodegenerative disorders caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the respective proteins. Clinical studies have revealed that the forming of neuronal intranuclear inclusions by the disease protein is a common pathological feature of polyglutamine diseases. Although there has been(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is a common disease found among women and has been a serious issue for last two decades. Although various kinds of heat shock proteins (Hsp's) have strong implications in cancer, heat shock protein 90 alpha (Hsp90α) has attracted highest attention for the cause and therapy of breast cancer. It regulates approximately 200 numbers of(More)
BACKGROUND Geldanamycin, which is one of the most potent and effective hsp90 alpha inhibitor until date, is normally used to target breast cancer. Inhibition of hsp90 alpha leads to the degradation of client proteins involved in the initiation and progress of breast cancer pathogenesis. Hence, Geldanamycin has been widely pursued as a treatment option for(More)
In vitro refolding of maltodextrin glucosidase, a 69 kDa monomeric Escherichia coli protein, was studied in the presence of glycerol, dimethylsulfoxide, trimethylamine-N-oxide, ethylene glycol, trehalose, proline and chaperonins GroEL and GroES. Different osmolytes, namely proline, glycerol, trimethylamine-N-oxide and dimethylsulfoxide, also known as(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain disorder, which gradually and irreversibly destroys the intellectual and cognitive abilities of the brain. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90α) is a molecular chaperone which was found to regulate the function of number of client proteins including tau that is involved in the cause of the AD. Inhibition(More)
Self-assembly of a protein is a natural phenomenon; however, the process can be performed under a suitable condition in vitro. Since proteins are nontoxic, biodegradable, and biocompatible in nature, they are used in various industrial applications such as biocatalyst, therapeutic agent, and drug carriers. Moreover, their flexible structural state and(More)