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The clinical outcome of granulocyte transfusion therapy is often hampered by short ex vivo shelf life, inefficiency of recruitment to sites of inflammation, and poor pathogen-killing capability of transplanted neutrophils. Here, using a recently developed mouse granulocyte transfusion model, we revealed that the efficacy of granulocyte transfusion can be(More)
Scratching triggers skin flares in atopic dermatitis. We demonstrate that scratching of human skin and tape stripping of mouse skin cause neutrophil influx. In mice, this influx was largely dependent on the generation of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) by neutrophils and their expression of the LTB4 receptor BLT1. Allergic skin inflammation in response to(More)
Ras guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) Q, a nucleotide exchange factor from Dictyostelium discoideum, is a 143-kD protein containing RasGEF domains and a DEP domain. We show that RasGEF Q can bind to F-actin, has the potential to form complexes with myosin heavy chain kinase (MHCK) A that contain active RasB, and is the predominant exchange factor for(More)
When C3H/10T1/2 cells are treated with a given concentration of a chemical carcinogen, the transformation frequency can vary over 4 orders of magnitude, depending primarily upon the number of cells plated. To explain this phenomenon, we have developed a probabilistic theory of the formation of transformed foci in this system. We define p1 as the probability(More)
The initiation and promotion stages of chemical oncogenesis have been demonstrated in cultured C3H/10T1/2 mouse embryo cells. Treatment of the cells with a subeffective concentration of 3-methylcholanthrene, benzo(a)pyrene, or 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, followed 4 days later by a nontransforming amount of tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA), phorbol(More)
Elevating Akt activation is an obvious clinical strategy to prevent progressive neuronal death in neurological diseases. However, this endeavor has been hindered because of the lack of specific Akt activators. Here, from a cell-based high-throughput chemical genetic screening, we identified a small molecule SC79 that inhibits Akt membrane translocation, but(More)
The regulation of actin dynamics is pivotal for cellular processes such as cell adhesion, migration, and phagocytosis and thus is crucial for neutrophils to fulfill their roles in innate immunity. Many factors have been implicated in signal-induced actin polymerization, but the essential nature of the potential negative modulators are still poorly(More)
The centrosome-nucleus attachment is a prerequisite for faithful chromosome segregation during mitosis. We addressed the function of the nuclear envelope (NE) protein Sun-1 in centrosome-nucleus connection and the maintenance of genome stability in Dictyostelium discoideum. We provide evidence that Sun-1 requires direct chromatin binding for its inner(More)
The cellular mechanisms controlling infection-induced emergency granulopoiesis are poorly defined. Here we found that reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentrations in the bone marrow (BM) were elevated during acute infection in a phagocytic NADPH oxidase-dependent manner in myeloid cells. Gr1(+) myeloid cells were uniformly distributed in the BM, and all(More)
Inositol phosphates are widely produced throughout animal and plant tissues. Diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (InsP7) contains an energetic pyrophosphate bond. Here we demonstrate that disruption of inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 (InsP6K1), one of the three mammalian inositol hexakisphosphate kinases (InsP6Ks) that convert inositol hexakisphosphate(More)