Subhajit Biswas

Learn More
A new class of chemical inhibitors has been discovered that interferes with the process of herpesvirus DNA replication. To date, the majority of useful herpesvirus antivirals are nucleoside analogues that block herpesvirus DNA replication by targeting the DNA polymerase. The new helicase-primase inhibitors (HPI) target a different enzyme complex that is(More)
This study deals with a comparative analysis of complete genome sequences of twenty-one serotype Asia 1 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) field viruses isolated over a period of two decades from India, two vaccine strains and seven exotic sequences. The Indian viruses could be grouped in to three distinct lineages at the entire coding region, evolving(More)
After several decades during which nucleoside analogues (especially acyclovir and penciclovir and their prodrugs) have benefited many patients suffering from herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections, the discovery of the helicase-primase inhibitors (HPIs) represents an interesting new approach. Although antiviral resistance has not been a major problem for(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) helicase-primase is the target for a new group of potent antivirals that show great promise in vivo. A claimed advantage of this class of compounds is the low rate of drug resistance, which is reported to occur at a lesser rate than acyclovir (ACV)-resistance in cell culture. We confirmed that BAY 57-1293 is highly active against(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies suggested that helicase-primase inhibitor (HPI) resistance mutations can be selected at relatively high frequency from some isolates of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). An intentional mismatch primer (IMP) PCR was developed to detect three known HPI resistance mutations well above the expected background frequency. The(More)
Rotaviruses are a major cause of acute gastroenteritis, which is often fatal in infants. The viral genome consists of 11 double-stranded RNA segments, but little is known about their cis-acting sequences and structural elements. Covariation studies and phylogenetic analysis exploring the potential structure of RNA11 of rotaviruses suggested that, besides(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) helicase-primase (HP) is the target for a novel class of antiviral compounds, the helicase-primase inhibitors (HPIs), e.g. BAY 57-1293. Although mutations in herpesviruses conferring resistance to nucleoside analogues are commonly associated with attenuation in vivo, to date, this is not necessarily true for HPIs. HPI-resistant(More)
OBJECTIVES BAY 57-1293 is a helicase-primase inhibitor (HPI) from a new class of antivirals that are highly efficacious in herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 animal infection models. Resistant mutants with point mutations in the helicase (UL5) were reported to be present in laboratory isolates at a low frequency of approximately 10(-6). In contrast, we have shown(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanism of action of the helicase-primase inhibitors (HPIs) BAY 57-1293 and BILS 22 BS by selection and characterization of drug-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 mutants. METHODS HSV-1 mutants were selected using BAY 57-1293 in Vero cells. Resistance mutations identified in the UL5 helicase or UL52 primase genes were(More)
Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) is defined as low plasma level of HBV DNA with undetectable HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) outside the preseroconversion window period. The mechanisms leading to OBI remain largely unknown. The potential role of specific amino acid substitutions in the S protein from OBI in HBsAg production and excretion was(More)