Subhajit Biswas

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Japanese encephalitis is an acute infection of the central nervous system caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The importance of an effective humoral response in preventing JEV infection has already been established, although the contribution of cellular immunity remains unclear. This study used an experimental murine model to understand the(More)
BAY 57-1293 represents a new class of potent inhibitors of herpes simplex virus (HSV) that target the virus helicase primase complex. The present study was conducted using the zosteriform infection model in BALB/c mice. The helicase primase inhibitor, BAY 57-1293 was shown to be highly efficacious in this model. The beneficial effects of therapy were(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular basis of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) in Asian blood donors. DESIGN OBI donors from Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand were tested for HBV serological markers, and strains were molecularly characterised. RESULTS Among 138 confirmed OBI carriers (median age 47 years), HBV genotypes(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) helicase-primase is the target for a new group of potent antivirals that show great promise in vivo. A claimed advantage of this class of compounds is the low rate of drug resistance, which is reported to occur at a lesser rate than acyclovir (ACV)-resistance in cell culture. We confirmed that BAY 57-1293 is highly active against(More)
This study deals with a comparative analysis of complete genome sequences of twenty-one serotype Asia 1 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) field viruses isolated over a period of two decades from India, two vaccine strains and seven exotic sequences. The Indian viruses could be grouped in to three distinct lineages at the entire coding region, evolving(More)
A new class of chemical inhibitors has been discovered that interferes with the process of herpesvirus DNA replication. To date, the majority of useful herpesvirus antivirals are nucleoside analogues that block herpesvirus DNA replication by targeting the DNA polymerase. The new helicase-primase inhibitors (HPI) target a different enzyme complex that is(More)
We report water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion synthesis of fluorescently bright and paramagnetically strong bimodal chitosan nanoparticles (BCNPs). The W/O microemulsion system provides a confined environment for producing monodispersed BCNPs. Average particle size as estimated by the Transmission Electron Microscopy was 28 nm. The water to surfactant molar(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections can cause considerable morbidity. Transmission of HSV-2 has become a major health concern, since it has been shown to promote transmission of other sexually transmitted diseases. Pritelivir (AIC316, BAY 57-1293) belongs to a new class of HSV antiviral compounds, the helicase-primase inhibitors, which have a mode of(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies suggested that helicase-primase inhibitor (HPI) resistance mutations can be selected at relatively high frequency from some isolates of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). An intentional mismatch primer (IMP) PCR was developed to detect three known HPI resistance mutations well above the expected background frequency. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanism of action of the helicase-primase inhibitors (HPIs) BAY 57-1293 and BILS 22 BS by selection and characterization of drug-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 mutants. METHODS HSV-1 mutants were selected using BAY 57-1293 in Vero cells. Resistance mutations identified in the UL5 helicase or UL52 primase genes were(More)