Subhajit Biswas

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular basis of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) in Asian blood donors. DESIGN OBI donors from Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand were tested for HBV serological markers, and strains were molecularly characterised. RESULTS Among 138 confirmed OBI carriers (median age 47 years), HBV genotypes(More)
Japanese encephalitis is an acute infection of the central nervous system caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The importance of an effective humoral response in preventing JEV infection has already been established, although the contribution of cellular immunity remains unclear. This study used an experimental murine model to understand the(More)
BAY 57-1293 represents a new class of potent inhibitors of herpes simplex virus (HSV) that target the virus helicase primase complex. The present study was conducted using the zosteriform infection model in BALB/c mice. The helicase primase inhibitor, BAY 57-1293 was shown to be highly efficacious in this model. The beneficial effects of therapy were(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) helicase-primase is the target for a new group of potent antivirals that show great promise in vivo. A claimed advantage of this class of compounds is the low rate of drug resistance, which is reported to occur at a lesser rate than acyclovir (ACV)-resistance in cell culture. We confirmed that BAY 57-1293 is highly active against(More)
This short review considers how the human herpesviruses were among the first viruses to be effectively treated by means of antiviral therapy although the ability of alphaherpsviruses to establish neuronal latency with reactivation remains the major obstacle to achieving a cure. Laboratory animals played an essential role in the development of herpes(More)
This study deals with a comparative analysis of complete genome sequences of twenty-one serotype Asia 1 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) field viruses isolated over a period of two decades from India, two vaccine strains and seven exotic sequences. The Indian viruses could be grouped in to three distinct lineages at the entire coding region, evolving(More)
A new class of chemical inhibitors has been discovered that interferes with the process of herpesvirus DNA replication. To date, the majority of useful herpesvirus antivirals are nucleoside analogues that block herpesvirus DNA replication by targeting the DNA polymerase. The new helicase-primase inhibitors (HPI) target a different enzyme complex that is(More)
We report water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion synthesis of fluorescently bright and paramagnetically strong bimodal chitosan nanoparticles (BCNPs). The W/O microemulsion system provides a confined environment for producing monodispersed BCNPs. Average particle size as estimated by the Transmission Electron Microscopy was 28 nm. The water to surfactant molar(More)
OBJECTIVES BAY 57-1293 is a helicase-primase inhibitor (HPI) from a new class of antivirals that are highly efficacious in herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 animal infection models. Resistant mutants with point mutations in the helicase (UL5) were reported to be present in laboratory isolates at a low frequency of approximately 10(-6). In contrast, we have shown(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) induces an acute infection of the central nervous system, the pathogenic mechanism of which is not fully understood. To investigate host response to JEV infection, 14-day-old mice were infected via the extraneural route, which resulted in encephalitis and death. Mice that received JEV immune splenocyte transfer were(More)