Subarna M. Pradhan

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Community-based programmes have long been an integral part of Nepal's health sector strategy and has contributed to the progress seen in maternal and child health. This paper reviews three early community-based programmes - the acute respiratory infection programme and its evolution to the fully scaled-up community-based integrated management of childhood(More)
In order to evaluate and report the personal doses in terms of personal dose equivalent, the performance of the CaSO(4):Dy based thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD) badge used for countrywide personnel monitoring in India is investigated using monoenergetic and narrow spectrum radiation qualities equivalent to those given in ISO standards. Algorithms(More)
In view of the recommendations of International Commission on Radiological Protection for reduction of the occupational annual dose limit for eye lens from 150 mSv to 20 mSv/y, questions have been raised on the adequacy of monitoring for the quantities Hp(10) and Hp(0.07). As an immediate requirement, in the present situation, where there is no exclusive(More)
In the present study, a method of identifying abnormal glow curves to electronically screen the glow curves of TL readout is presented. The method is based on the fact that the shape of an abnormal glow curve differs from the shape of a normal one. A few criteria for defining the normal shape of glow curves are arrived at by analysing the glow curves of(More)
INTRODUCTION Macular hole is a common and treatable cause of central visual loss. Classic macular hole surgery consists of vitrectomy, posterior vitreous cortex removal and intraocular gas tamponade, but during the past decade focus has especially been on internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling as adjuvant therapy for increasing closure rates. OBJECTIVE(More)
According to the Agricultural Perspective Plan growth of the dairy sector will accelerate from 2.9 percent to 5.5 percent by the end of the Plan period. Nepal is a net importer of milk and milk products. In the past decade the private sector increased its presence in a dairy industry which was dominated by the state owned DDC.Farmers are still facing “milk(More)
Personnel monitoring of radiation workers in India is carried out using a thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD) system based on CaSO(4):Dy Teflon TLD disc. The dose due to occupational exposure for a majority of radiation workers is very small and hence is reported as zero. In view of this the detection of low levels of occupational dose over and above a(More)
In view of the importance of zero-dose background (null signal) in influencing the coefficient of variation in low-dose region, a technique for the estimation of the same from composite (gross) signal is developed for CaSO4:Dy-based personnel monitoring system being used in India. The technique is based on simple analysis of glow curves (GCs) of unexposed(More)
Thermoluminescence (TL) signal obtained during second readout of a TL dosemeter disc previously exposed to ionising radiation is termed as residual TL. The origin of residual TL has not been discussed in detail so far in the literature. In this work, experimentally obtained residual TL signal and its origin is studied for CaSO4:Dy-based TL dosemeter through(More)
Quantitative estimate of the response of ionization chamber based pocket dosimeters (DRDs) to various beta sources was performed. It has been established that the ionization chamber based pocket dosimeters do not respond to beta particles having energy (Emax)<1 MeV and same was verified using (147)Pm, (85)Kr and (204)Tl beta sources. However, for beta(More)
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