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Endothelial dysfunction is regarded as an important factor in the pathogenesis of vascular disease in obesity-related type 2 diabetes. The imbalance in repair and injury (hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia) results in microvascular changes, including apoptosis of microvascular cells, ultimately leading to diabetes related complications. This review(More)
Paraneoplastic syndromes are the rarest neurological complications in patients with cancer. The neurological paraneoplastic syndromes that are mainly associated with breast cancer are subacute cerebellar degeneration, paraneoplastic retinopathy, opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, lower motor neuron diseases and Stiff-man syndrome. The aim of this paper is to(More)
OBJECTIVES Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is even more pronounced in hypothyroid RA patients. An unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile conferred by a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and a higher Framingham risk score might explain this amplified cardiovascular morbidity.(More)
We report on a 46-year-old mother of Moroccan origin, suffering mainly from painful, swollen legs, and her 26-year-old son who had experienced intense pain in his legs, without fever, for approximately 3 years. They did not have dysmorphic features or abnormal gaits. Radiographic studies of the mother revealed diaphyseal sclerosis of the tibia and(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting results currently exists on the association between vitamin D and glucose metabolism. The role of maternal vitamin D status in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is not clear. This meta-analysis aimed to examine this role in women with GDM compared with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). METHODS We performed a systematic review and(More)
Individuals with type 1 diabetes have mild performance deficits on a range of neuropsychological tests compared with nondiabetic control subjects. The mechanisms underlying this cognitive deterioration are still poorly understood, but chronic hyperglycemia is now emerging as a potential determinant, possibly through microvascular changes in the brain. In 24(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-enzymatic glycation of proteins and their end products (advanced glycation end products, AGE) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Our aim was to evaluate the association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and the accumulation of one of the most abundant AGEs, Nepsilon-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML), in cerebral(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Assessment of biological features and treatment of patients with breast cancer presenting during pregnancy or lactation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Immunohistochemical analysis of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR), Ki-67, HER2/neu, prognostic markers, treatment and follow-up of 21 patients with breast cancer during(More)
The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is 4.5 %. Objective of the study is to investigate (1) the course of glycemic control at CD diagnosis and after the initiation of a gluten-free diet (GFD) in T1DM patients; (2) the prevalence of diabetic complications in T1DM patients with adult onset of CD. In 20(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) as a consequence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma infiltration of the kidneys (LIK) is an uncommon complication of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In literature, ARF due to LIK is reported in progressive disease. A case of non-oliguric acute renal failure secondary to relapse of large B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma primarily localized in the mediastinum(More)