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Endothelial dysfunction is regarded as an important factor in the pathogenesis of vascular disease in obesity-related type 2 diabetes. The imbalance in repair and injury (hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia) results in microvascular changes, including apoptosis of microvascular cells, ultimately leading to diabetes related complications. This review(More)
Paraneoplastic syndromes are the rarest neurological complications in patients with cancer. The neurological paraneoplastic syndromes that are mainly associated with breast cancer are subacute cerebellar degeneration, paraneoplastic retinopathy, opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, lower motor neuron diseases and Stiff-man syndrome. The aim of this paper is to(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) as a consequence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma infiltration of the kidneys (LIK) is an uncommon complication of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In literature, ARF due to LIK is reported in progressive disease. A case of non-oliguric acute renal failure secondary to relapse of large B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma primarily localized in the mediastinum(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Other autoimmune diseases such as hypothyroidism are also associated with an enhanced risk for CVD. Our objective was to determine first, the prevalence of hypothyroid disorders in RA patients, and second, the risk of CVD in RA patients with(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic dysmetabolic condition characterized by hyperglycemia and accompanied by dyslipidemia (low HDL, high triglycerides), and hypertension associated with insulin resistance in obesity. In addition to the glucose-reducing effects, incretin-based therapies have been found to have cardiovascular protective(More)
Three male patients aged 29, 30 and 34 years and a 36-year-old female are reported with nasal septum perforation and a history of cocaine abuse. Two of the patients also had a perforation of the hard palate. In all four, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) were found. One had a cytoplasmic immunofluorescence-staining pattern (c-ANCA), the other(More)
Pro-coagulant and pro-inflammatory intramyocardial (micro)vasculature plays an important role in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Currently, inhibition of serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) receives a lot of interest as an anti-hyperglycemic therapy in type 2 diabetes patients. However, DPP4 also possesses anti-thrombotic properties and may(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting results currently exists on the association between vitamin D and glucose metabolism. The role of maternal vitamin D status in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is not clear. This meta-analysis aimed to examine this role in women with GDM compared with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). METHODS We performed a systematic review and(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Assessment of biological features and treatment of patients with breast cancer presenting during pregnancy or lactation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Immunohistochemical analysis of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR), Ki-67, HER2/neu, prognostic markers, treatment and follow-up of 21 patients with breast cancer during(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are more prone to develop other auto-immune diseases, including coeliac disease (CD). Paediatric patients with T1DM are screened for CD, whereas in adult T1DM patients screening programs for CD are not standardised. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and genetic characteristics of(More)