Learn More
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic dysmetabolic condition characterized by hyperglycemia and accompanied by dyslipidemia (low HDL, high triglycerides), and hypertension associated with insulin resistance in obesity. In addition to the glucose-reducing effects, incretin-based therapies have been found to have cardiovascular protective(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is regarded as an important factor in the pathogenesis of vascular disease in obesity-related type 2 diabetes. The imbalance in repair and injury (hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia) results in microvascular changes, including apoptosis of microvascular cells, ultimately leading to diabetes related complications. This review(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effect of laparoscopic v open cholecystectomy on acute-phase reactants. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty patients were randomized to laparoscopic (Group 1) and 50 to open (Group 2) cholecystectomy. Preoperative and postoperative values for acute-phase reactants (ceruloplasmin, fibrinogen, Westergren sedimentation rate,(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS In addition to nephropathy, retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy, a microvascular complication of type 1 diabetes that may be tentatively referred to as 'diabetic encephalopathy' has gained increasing attention. There is growing evidence that lowered cognitive performance in patients with type 1 diabetes is related to chronic hyperglycaemia(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting results currently exists on the association between vitamin D and glucose metabolism. The role of maternal vitamin D status in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is not clear. This meta-analysis aimed to examine this role in women with GDM compared with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). METHODS We performed a systematic review and(More)
OBJECTIVE Low vitamin D status has been associated with impaired glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 275(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Assessment of biological features and treatment of patients with breast cancer presenting during pregnancy or lactation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Immunohistochemical analysis of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR), Ki-67, HER2/neu, prognostic markers, treatment and follow-up of 21 patients with breast cancer during(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are more prone to develop other auto-immune diseases, including coeliac disease (CD). Paediatric patients with T1DM are screened for CD, whereas in adult T1DM patients screening programs for CD are not standardised. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and genetic characteristics of(More)
Individuals with type 1 diabetes have mild performance deficits on a range of neuropsychological tests compared with nondiabetic control subjects. The mechanisms underlying this cognitive deterioration are still poorly understood, but chronic hyperglycemia is now emerging as a potential determinant, possibly through microvascular changes in the brain. In 24(More)