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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have increased mortality and morbidity as a result of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. What is not clear, however, is either how early accelerated atherosclerosis begins in RA or how soon risk factors must be rigorously controlled. Furthermore, given the strong relationship of vascular disease to RA mortality(More)
Dendritic cells are the major antigen-presenting and antigen-priming cells of the immune system. We review the antigen-presenting and proinflammatory roles played by dendritic cells in the initiation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and atherosclerosis, which complicates RA. Various signals that promote the activation of NF-kappaB and the secretion of TNF and(More)
INTRODUCTION Patients with recent-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have impaired brachial artery endothelial function compared with controls matched for age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors. The present study examined endothelium-dependent (flow-mediated dilatation (FMD)) and independent (glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)-mediated dilatation (GMD)) structural(More)
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is increased in patients with chronic inflammatory disease, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Furthermore it has become clear at a pathophysiological level, that atherosclerosis has striking similarities with autoimmune disease. This realization has come at a time of paradigm shift in how rheumatologists manage RA, with the(More)
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