Su-huan Liu

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Irisin, a recently identified novel myokine, drives brown-fat-like conversion of white adipose tissues and has been proposed to mediate beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism. Circulating irisin was significantly reduced in type 2 diabetes patients; however, no evidence is available about its association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE We showed that 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) favors pancreatic beta-cell survival via the estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) in mice. E(2) activates nuclear estrogen receptors via an estrogen response element (ERE). E(2) also activates nongenomic signals via an extranuclear form of ERalpha and the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). We studied(More)
Neuropathic pain responds poorly to drug treatments, and partial relief is achieved in only about half of the patients. Puerarin, the main constituent of Puerariae Lobatae Radix, has been used extensively in China to treat hypertension and tumor. The current study examined the effects of puerarin on neuropathic pain using two most commonly used animal(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Pancreatic islet transplantation (PIT) offers a physiological treatment for type 1 diabetes, but the failure of islet engraftment hinders its application. The female hormone 17β-oestradiol (E2) favours islet survival and stimulates angiogenesis, raising the possibility that E2 may enhance islet engraftment following PIT. METHODS To explore(More)
In women, excess production of the male hormone, testosterone (T), is accompanied by insulin resistance. However, hyperandrogenemia is also associated with beta-cell dysfunction and type 2 diabetes raising the possibility that androgen receptor (AR) activation predisposes to beta-cell failure. Here, we tested the hypothesis that excess AR activation(More)
The high aqueous solubility, poor permeability, and absorption of berberine (BBR) result in its low plasma level after oral administration, which greatly limits its clinical application. BBR solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were prepared to achieve improved bioavailability and prolonged effect. Developed SLNs showed homogeneous spherical shapes, small size(More)
Berberine (BBR) shows very low plasma levels after oral administration due to its poor absorption by the gastrointestinal tract. We have previously demonstrated that BBR showed increased gastrointestinal absorption and enhanced antidiabetic effects in db/db mice after being entrapped into solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs). However, whether BBR-loaded SLNs(More)
Fructus Xanthii (FX) has been widely used as a traditional herbal medicine for rhinitis, headache, cold, etc. Modern pharmacological studies revealed that FX possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-hyperglycemic properties. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of FX on glucose and insulin tolerance, and hepatic lipid(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), in which inflammation has been implicated playing important roles, is one of the most common diabetes complications. Dang Gui Bu Xue Tang (DBT), an aqueous extract of Radix Astragali and Radix Angelica sinensis, is a classical prescription in Traditional Chinese Medicine for treating inflammation and ischemic diseases. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Irisin, an exercise induced myokine, has broad implications for metabolism and energy homeostasis. Available evidence about the association of serum irisin with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is limited. METHODS Cross-sectional data on socio-demographic, lifestyle, clinical characteristics and serum irisin were collected for 1,115(More)