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BACKGROUND Avian influenza A virus H5N1 has caused widespread infections that have resulted in severe disease or death in poultry and wild birds as well as human beings. This virus has the potential to emerge as a pandemic threat and H5N1 vaccines are being developed in many countries. Our aim was to assess the safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated(More)
The B798 light-harvesting baseplate of the chlorosome antenna complex of the thermophilic, filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus has been isolated and characterized. Isolation was performed by using a hexanol-detergent treatment of freeze-thawed chlorosomes. The isolated baseplate consists of Bchl a, beta-carotene, and the(More)
The main-form (MFPCP) and high-salt (HSPCP) peridinin-chlorophyll a proteins from the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae were investigated using absorption, fluorescence, fluorescence excitation, two-photon, and fast-transient optical spectroscopy. Pigment analysis has demonstrated previously that MFPCP contains eight peridinins and two chlorophyll (Chl) a(More)
Pigment-protein complexes enriched in photosystem II (PS II) have been isolated from the chlorophyll (Chl) d containing cyanobacterium, Acaryochloris marina. A small PS II-enriched particle, we call 'crude reaction centre', contained 20 Chl d, 0.5 Chl a and 1 redox active cytochrome b-559 per 2 pheophytin a, plus the D1 and D2 proteins. A larger PS(More)
The integral membrane light-harvesting complex B808–866 from the thermophilic green filamentous bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus has been isolated and characterized. Reversed-phase HPLC analysis demonstrated that the number of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) in the B808–866 antenna complex is 36 ± 2 per reaction center. The main carotenoid type is γ-carotene,(More)
BACKGROUND Over 40% of children with cancer have reported that chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) are the two most distressing side-effects of treatment even when antiemetic drugs have been used. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this article is to report the findings from a feasibility and pilot study using auricular point acupressure point for CINV(More)
Excitation energy transfer and trapping processes in an iron stress-induced supercomplex of photosystem I from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 were studied by time-resolved absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy on femtosecond and picosecond time scales. The data provide evidence that the energy transfer dynamics of the CP43'-PSI supercomplex(More)
Energy transfer processes in the chlorophyll antenna of the PS I–LHCI supercomplexes from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii have been studied at 77 K using transient absorption spectroscopy with multicolor excitation in the 640–670 nm region. Comparison of the kinetic data obtained at low and room temperatures indicates that the slow ∼ ∼100 ps(More)
The role of protein dynamics in guiding multistep electron transfer is explored in the photosynthetic reaction center of Rhodobacter sphaeroides . The energetics of the charge-separated intermediates, P(+)B(A)(-) and P(+)H(A)(-) (P is the initial electron donor bacteriochlorophyll pair and B(A) and H(A) are early bacteriochlorophyll and bacteriopheophytin(More)
Photosystem I-light harvesting complex I (PSI-LHCI) was isolated from the thermoacidophilic red alga Galdieria sulphuraria, and its structure, composition, and light-harvesting function were characterized by electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, and ultrafast optical spectroscopy. The results show that Galdieria PSI is a monomer with core features similar(More)