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Fragmented sleep due to frequent awakenings represents a major cause of impaired daytime performance and adverse health outcomes. Currently, the gold standard for studying and assessing sleep fragmentation is polysomnography (PSG). Here, we propose an alternative method for real-time detection of nocturnal awakening via ballistocardiography using an(More)
We developed and tested a system for estimating body postures on a bed using unconstrained measurements of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals using 12 capacitively coupled electrodes and a conductive textile sheet. Thirteen healthy subjects participated in the experiment. After detecting the channels in contact with the body among the 12 electrodes, the(More)
We established and tested an unconstrained sleep apnea monitoring method using a polyvinylidene (PVDF) film-based sensor for continuous and accurate monitoring of apneic events occurred during sleep. Twenty-six sleep apnea patients and six normal subjects participated in this study. Subjects' respiratory signals were measured using the PVDF-based sensor(More)
BACKGROUND In sleep efficiency monitoring system, actigraphy is the simplest and most commonly used device. However, low specificity to wakefulness of actigraphy was revealed in previous studies. In this study, we assumed that sleep/wake estimation using actigraphy and electromyography (EMG) signals would show different patterns. Furthermore, each EMG(More)
In this study, we developed a sleep posture estimation algorithm using 3-axis accelerometer signals measured from a patch-type sensor. Firstly, we inspected the characteristics of accelerometer signals for different sleep postures. Based on the results, we established decision rules to estimate 5 postures containing supine, left, right lateral, prone(More)
Sleep onset latency (SOL) is an objective indicator of sleepiness and is being used clinically as a diagnostic tool for sleep deprivation. This study proposes a new and less intrusive approach to estimate SOL based on the blood pressure (BP) regulatory reflex mechanism.We hypothesized that the arterial baroreflex, one kind of reflex mechanism for BP(More)
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