Su Bun Jeon

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Agonist and depolarization-induced vascular smooth muscle contractions involve the activation of Rho-kinase pathway. However, there are no reports addressing the question whether this pathway is involved in NaF-induced vascular contractions. We hypothesized that Rho-kinase plays a role in vascular contraction evoked by sodium fluoride in rat aortae. In both(More)
Samhwangsasim-tang (SST) is a widely used herbal medicine with vasodilatory actions in oriental countries. We hypothesized that SST modulates vascular contractility by decreasing phosphorylation of the myosin phosphatase target subunit. Rat aortic ring preparations were mounted in organ baths and subjected to contractions or relaxations. Phosphorylation of(More)
We hypothesized that 17β-estradiol attenuates vascular contraction through inhibition of RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Rat aortic rings were contracted with cumulative addition of U46619, NaF, KCl or PDBu 30 min after pretreatment with 17β-estradiol (10, 30, and 100 μM) or vehicle. We measured the amount of GTP RhoA and the level of phosphorylation of the myosin(More)
We hypothesized that fluoride induces vascular contraction through activation of the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway in isolated rat aortas. Rat aortic rings were mounted in organ baths and contracted with sodium fluoride (NaF). We measured the amount of GTP-RhoA as well as vascular tension. We also determined the level of phosphorylation of the myosin light chain(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that flavone inhibits vascular contractions by decreasing the phosphorylation levelof the myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT1). In the present study, we hypothesized that flavone attenuates vascular contractions through the inhibition of the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Rat aortic rings were denuded of endothelium, mounted(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which glyceollin I inhibits vascular contraction in rat aorta. Rat aortic rings were treated with either glyceollin I or vehicle when vascular contraction reached plateaus. We measured the activity of GTP-RhoA and Rho GTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) and the phosphorylation level(More)
1. Flavonoids modulate vascular tone through an endothelium-dependent or -independent mechanism. Although a few mechanisms for endothelium-independent relaxation have been suggested, such as interference with protein kinase C or cAMP or cGMP phosphodiesterase, the inhibition of Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores or Ca(2+) influx from extracellular(More)
1. Phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) is an activator of protein kinase C (PKC) that causes contractions in both physiological salt solutions and Ca(2+)-depleted solutions. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that Rho-kinase plays a role in Ca(2+)-independent contractions induced by PDBu in vascular smooth muscles. 2. In Ca(2+)-free solution, 0.1(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that heat shock augmented vascular contraction. In the present study, we hypothesized that heat shock augments myosin phosphatase target-subunit (MYPT1) phosphorylation resulting in augmented vascular contraction. Endothelium-denuded rat aortic rings were mounted in organ baths, exposed to heat shock (42 degrees C for 45(More)
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