Stuart V. Ruffle

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The chloroplast gene psbH encodes a 9-10 kDa thylakoid membrane protein (PSII-H) that is associated with photosystem II and is subject to light-dependent phosphorylation at a threonine residue located on the stromal side of the membrane. The function of PSII-H is not known, neither is it clear what regulatory role phosphorylation may play in the control of(More)
A three-dimensional model of the core proteins D1 and D2, including the cofactors, that form the Photosystem II reaction centre of pea (Pisum sativum), has been generated. This model was built with a rule-based computer modelling system using the information from the crystal structures of the photosynthetic reaction centres of Rhodopseudomonas viridis and(More)
In addition to the four chlorophylls (Chls) involved in primary charge separation, the photosystem II (PSII) reaction center polypeptides, D1 and D2, coordinate a pair of symmetry-related, peripheral accessory Chls. These Chls are axially coordinated by the D1-H118 and D2-H117 residues and are in close association with the proximal Chl antennae proteins,(More)
Amino acid substitution tables are calculated for residues in membrane proteins where the side chain is accessible to the lipid. The analysis is based upon the knowledge of the three-dimensional structures of two homologous bacterial photosynthetic reaction centers and alignments of their sequences with the sequences of related proteins. The patterns of(More)
Manganese K-edge X-ray spectra have been obtained for Photosystem II samples isolated using Triton X-100 detergent and samples further purified by n-heptyl beta-D-thioglucoside detergent treatment to remove light-harvesting polypeptides and low-affinity calcium. The structure of the manganese complex is very similar for the two detergent preparations used.(More)
We compare the chlorophyll fluorescence decay kinetics of the wild type and the D2-H117N mutant photosystem II reaction centers isolated from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The histidine residue located at site 117 on the D2 polypeptide of photosystem II is a proposed binding site for one of two peripheral accessory chlorophylls located in the reaction center(More)
The interaction between water and biological macromolecules in living organisms is of fundamental importance in a range of processes. We have studied water-DNA and water-proteolipid membrane systems over a range of hydration states using inelastic incoherent neutron scattering. We find a relatively sharp transition for both systems at a water concentration(More)
bridges in transition metal clusters are unreactive as a class, they would require special activation if they were to be involved in oxidations or 0-0 bond formation. We propose that the unusual electronic configuration of the Mn, cluster of the WOC is an expression of this activation. Formation of the activated (dn)3(dx2-,2)' electron configuration may(More)
Molecular crowding has been shown to be important in many cellular processes. The crowded environment in the cell results in a significant proportion of the cellular water being in contact with macromolecules such as proteins and DNA. These interfacial water molecules show a reduced dynamic motion that has been observed with isolated macromolecules using(More)
The isolation of chloroplast DNA fromChlamydomonas reinhardtii requires the efficient separation of this AT-rich genome from the GC-rich nuclear genome by density-gradient centrifugation. We describe a simple and efficient method for separating these DNA fractions by using a sodium iodide gradient in combination with the DNA-binding dye, bisbenzimide. The(More)