Stuart T. Hazeldine

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XK-469 is advancing to Phase I clinicaltrials. Preclinical studies were carriedout to assist in clinical applications.Dose-schedule route testing: Singledose IV treatment with XK-469 producedlethality (LD20 to LD 100) above 142 mg/kg.Optimum treatment required total dosages of350 to 600 mg/kg. Furthermore, highindividual IV dosages (100 to 142 mg/kg)were(More)
In the current report, we extend the SAR study on our hybrid structure 7-{[2-(4-phenyl-piperazin-1-yl)ethyl]propylamino}-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-ol further to include heterocyclic bioisosteric analogues. Binding assays were carried out with HEK-293 cells expressing either D2 or D3 receptors with tritiated spiperone to evaluate inhibition constants(More)
2-(4-[(7-Chloro-2-quinoxalinyl)oxy]phenoxy)propionic acid (XK469) is among the most highly and broadly active antitumor agents to have been evaluated in our laboratories and is currently scheduled to enter clinical trials in 2001. The mechanism or mechanisms of action of XK469 remain to be elaborated. Accordingly, an effort was initiated to establish a(More)
The criteria for the activity of 2-{4-[(7-chloro-2-quinoxalinyl)oxy]phenoxy}propionic acid (XK469) and 2-{4-[(7-bromo-2-quinolinyl)oxy]phenoxy}propionic acid (SH80) against transplanted tumors in mice established in previous studies, require a (7-halo-2-quinoxalinoxy)- or a (7-halo-2-quinolinoxyl)-residue, respectively, bridged via a 1,4-OC(6)H(4)O-linker(More)
The availability of fully sequenced bacterial genomes has revealed that many species known to synthesize the polyamine spermidine lack the spermidine biosynthetic enzymes S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase and spermidine synthase. We found that such species possess orthologues of the sym-norspermidine biosynthetic enzymes carboxynorspermidine dehydrogenase(More)
A series of reducible polycationic copper chelators (RPCs) based on 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (cyclam) were synthesized by Michael addition. Molecular weight of the polycations was controlled by reaction stoichiometry and reaction conditions, resulting in polymers with molecular weights ranging from 4400 to 13 800. The cyclam moieties in the(More)
The recently discovered enzyme lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) plays an important role in the epigenetic control of gene expression, and aberrant gene silencing secondary to LSD1 dysregulation is thought to contribute to the development of cancer. We reported that (bis)guanidines, (bis)biguanides, and their urea- and thiourea isosteres are potent(More)
CXCR4 chemokine receptor plays a crucial role in metastatic spread of multiple types of cancer. The present study reports on synthesis of functional polymers based on newly synthesized CXCR4-inhibiting monomers. The resultant linear polymeric CXCR4 antagonists (PCX) show improved ability to inhibit CXCR4 when compared with the monomers. The CXCR4 antagonism(More)
XK469 (1) is among the most highly and broadly active antitumor agents to have been evaluated in our laboratories. Subsequent developmental studies led to the entry of (R)-(+) 1 (NSC 698215) into phase 1 clinical trials (NIH UO1-CA62487). The antitumor mechanism of action of 1 remains to be elucidated, which has prompted a sustained effort to elaborate a(More)