Stuart Spechler

Learn More
BACKGROUND & AIMS The study and management of reflux esophagitis require an endoscopic classification system founded on esophageal lesions that can be reproducibly identified. The aim of this study was to investigate interobserver agreement for the identification of endoscopic lesions typical of reflux esophagitis. METHODS Paired comparisons of observers'(More)
Adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus has been increasing in incidence at a rapid rate for more than two decades. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 appears to play an important role in gastrointestinal carci-nogenesis, and COX-2 overexpression has been demonstrated both in esophageal adenocarcinomas and in the metaplastic epithelium of Bar-rett's esophagus.
Specialised columnar epithelium (SCE), a form of intestinal metaplasia usually found in Barrett's oesophagus, cannot be distinguished endoscopically from normal gastric epithelium. Endoscopists seldom obtain biopsy specimens from a normal-appearing gastro-oesophageal junction, and therefore short segments of SCE in this region may go unrecognised. We(More)
CONTEXT Hanahan and Weinberg proposed in 200 that carcinogenesis involves DNA changes that enable cells to:provide their own growth signals, ignore growth-inhibitory signals, avoid apoptosis, replicate without limit, sustain angiogenesis, and invade and proliferate in unnatural locations. The metaplastic cells of Barrett's oesophagus are predisposed to(More)
To explore the involvement of NO in normal peristalsis, the effects of inhibitors of NO synthase, including N omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) and N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), on esophageal peristaltic contractions induced by diverse stimuli that may involve different neuronal circuits were studied. Studies were performed in opossums.(More)
BACKGROUND Patients who have esophageal eosinophilia without gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) nevertheless can respond to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), which can have anti-inflammatory actions independent of effects on gastric acid secretion. In esophageal cell cultures, omeprazole has been reported to inhibit Th2 cytokine-stimulated expression of(More)
In this study, a device for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) monitoring has been prototyped. The system consists of an implantable, batteryless and wireless transponder with integrated impedance and pH sensors; and a wearable, external reader that wirelessly powers up the transponder and interprets the transponded radio-frequency signals. The(More)
BACKGROUND Human Barrett's cancer cell lines have numerous, poorly-characterized genetic abnormalities and, consequently, those lines have limited utility as models for studying the early molecular events in carcinogenesis. Cell lines with well-defined genetic lesions that recapitulate various stages of neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus would be(More)
OBJECTIVE Besides reducing gastric acid secretion, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) suppress Th2-cytokine-stimulated expression of an eosinophil chemoattractant (eotaxin-3) by esophageal epithelial cells through acid-independent, anti-inflammatory mechanisms. To explore acid-inhibitory and acid-independent, anti-inflammatory PPI effects in reducing esophageal(More)
— In this work, we developed a dual-sensor system to monitor the symptoms in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The system consists of an implantable transponder and an external reader. The passive telemetry for signal transduction is based on an inductive link between two coil antennas. The reader supplies radio frequency power, obtains and stores the(More)