Stuart Shapiro

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We describe an agent architecture in terms of general principles of organization of components for an autonomous agent that functions in the world. This architecture is described independent of computational components of the agent that are used to generate behavior. It speciies an integration of explicit representation and reasoning mechanisms, embodied(More)
In 1984, Portney argued that "[w]e should scrutinize proposed reforms of the rulemaking process every bit as carefully as the regulations that process produces." In the 23 years since then, the regulatory process on the federal level has been continuously reformed by statute, by executive order, and by directives from the OMB. Despite the extensive debate(More)
by Lisa Pettinati The article discusses the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS), a product of e-rulemaking that will allow for the public to access all federal materials over the Internet. Recently, the authors drafted a letter to the Bush Administration to offer their insight into how to ensure the highest quality when implementing this system. The(More)
We examine 89 websites from federal regulatory agencies in order to evaluate their ease of use for those interested in commenting on or learning about their proposed regulations. We find that while there has been a lot of attention given to second and third generation " e-rulemaking " efforts, agency websites, a first generation innovation, still have(More)
The regulatory process is often criticized for being cumbersome and slow, much like a computer whose hard drive is fragmented by files no longer used or useful. Like such a computer, the regulatory process contains many requirements of dubious utility. These include the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Regulatory Flexibility Act, and numerous executive orders.(More)
This paper summarizes the work done at the State University of New York at Buffalo (UB) in the GeoCLEF 2006 track. The approach presented uses pure IR techniques (indexing of single word terms as well as word bigrams, and automatic retrieval feedback) to try to improve retrieval performance of queries with geographical references. The main purpose of this(More)