Stuart S. Kaufman

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The ligand for osteoprotegerin has been identified, and it is a TNF-related cytokine that replaces the requirement for stromal cells, vitamin D3, and glucocorticoids in the coculture model of in vitro osteoclastogenesis. OPG ligand (OPGL) binds to a unique hematopoeitic progenitor cell that is committed to the osteoclast lineage and stimulates the rapid(More)
Bone resorption and remodeling is an intricately controlled, physiological process that requires the function of osteoclasts. The processes governing both the differentiation and activation of osteoclasts involve signals induced by osteoprotegerin ligand (OPGL), a member of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily, and its cognate receptor RANK. The(More)
We have generated RANK (receptor activator of NF-kappaB) nullizygous mice to determine the molecular genetic interactions between osteoprotegerin, osteoprotegerin ligand, and RANK during bone resorption and remodeling processes. RANK(-/-) mice lack osteoclasts and have a profound defect in bone resorption and remodeling and in the development of the(More)
With utilization of the techniques discussed in this review, patients with short bowel syndrome can be expected to live prolonged lives, even after fairly massive resection. Advances in parenteral and home parenteral nutrition and changes in the long-term management of chronic complications have altered the lifestyles of patients with short bowel syndrome.(More)
OBJECTIVES Massive intestinal resection results in short bowel syndrome and necessitates prolonged parenteral feeding. The purpose of this work was to assess the impact of late complications of short bowel syndrome, including intestinal bacterial overgrowth and enterocolitis, on the duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) in comparison with factors evident in(More)
Noroviruses (NV) are the most common cause of acute gastrointestinal illness in the United States and worldwide. The development of specific antiviral countermeasures has lagged behind that of other viral pathogens, primarily because norovirus disease has been perceived as brief and self-limiting and robust assays suitable for drug discovery have been(More)
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligand (OPGL) negatively and positively regulate osteoclastogenesis in the mouse. OPG inhibits osteoclastogenesis by sequestering its ligand, OPGL, the osteoclast differentiation and activation factor. This study demonstrates the effects of soluble muOPGL and huOPG on the developing human osteoclast phenotype, on bone slices,(More)
BACKGROUND Small bowel bacterial overgrowth is a common complication of short bowel syndrome, and although it is often controlled with antimicrobial therapy, alternative strategies may occasionally be needed. METHODS Six patients with bacterial overgrowth are described, who did not respond to antimicrobial therapy and required additional medical or(More)