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BACKGROUND Wide electrical pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with two separate rings of ablation requires extensive ablation on the posterior left atrial wall close to the esophagus. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of PVI using a single ring of radiofrequency ablation lesions. METHODS Irrigated-tip ablation catheters,(More)
BACKGROUND Amiodarone and sotalol are commonly used for the maintenance of sinus rhythm, but the efficacy of these agents administered as high-dose infusions for rapid conversion of atrial fibrillation is unknown. Use in this context would facilitate drug initiation in patients in whom ongoing prophylactic therapy is indicated. METHODS We assessed the(More)
BACKGROUND Electric isolation of the pulmonary veins and posterior left atrium with a single ring of radiofrequency lesions (single-ring isolation [SRI]) may result in fewer atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences than wide antral pulmonary vein isolation (wide antral isolation [WAI]) by abolishing extravenous AF triggers. The effect of mitral isthmus line(More)
Roughly half of the cells of the heart consist of nonmyocardial cells, with fibroblasts representing the predominant cell type. It is well established that individual cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts in culture establish gap junctional communication at the single cell level (short-range interaction). However, it is not known whether such coupling permits(More)
Connexin43 (Cx43) is a major determinant of the electrical properties of the myocardium. Closure of gap junctions causes rapid slowing of propagation velocity (theta), but the precise effect of a reduction in Cx43 levels due to genetic manipulation has only partially been clarified. In this study, morphological and electrical properties of synthetic strands(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in small mammals have revealed localized sustained stationary reentry. However, studies in large mammals with surface mapping techniques have demonstrated only relatively short-lived rotors. The purpose of this study was to identify whether sustained high-frequency activation with low beat-to-beat(More)
The aim of the present study was to morphologically and electrically characterize synthetic strands of mouse ventricular myocytes. Linear strands of mouse ventricular myocytes with widths of 34.7+/-4.4 microm (W(1)), 57.9+/-2.5 microm (W(2)), and 86.4+/-3. 6 microm (W(3)) and a length of 10 mm were produced on glass coverslips with a photolithographic(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to characterize the occurrence of phrenic nerve injury (PNI) and its outcome after radiofrequency (RF) ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND It is recognized that extra-myocardial damage may develop owing to penetration of ablative energy. METHODS Between 1997 and 2004, 3,755 consecutive patients(More)
AIMS We determined late atrial function following a surgical linear endocardial radiofrequency (RF) ablation procedure that aimed to restore and maintain sinus rhythm (SR) in atrial fibrillation (AF). We tested the hypothesis that successful restoration of SR is accompanied by measurable mechanical atrial function that is at normal or near normal levels. (More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test a new pattern of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AFib) intended to optimize atrial activation, and to demonstrate the usefulness of catheter techniques for mapping and ablation of postoperative atrial arrhythmias. BACKGROUND Linear radiofrequency lesions have been used to cure AFib, but the(More)