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The plasma protease inhibitor system (Pi) of Standardbred horses was studied by thin-layer, high-voltage, acid polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (pH 4.6) followed by protein staining and staining for trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibition. In addition to the eight Thoroughbred alleles (PiF, G, I, L, N, S1, S2, U), another 10 alleles, designated PiH, J, K, O,(More)
BACKGROUND The lateral ulnar collateral ligament, the entire lateral collateral ligament complex, and the overlying extensor muscles have all been suggested as key stabilizers against posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether either an intact radial collateral ligament alone or an intact(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine the reliability of strength and self-reporting measures, the relationship of different strength measures to function, and the impact of rotator cuff pathology on patients' quality of life. Patients with nonoperated rotator cuff pathology (n = 36) and unaffected control subjects (n = 48) were assessed by use of(More)
Because of a lack of biomechanical studies of lateral elbow ligament reconstruction in the literature, the initial stability afforded by 3 different techniques of lateral ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction was evaluated in 8 cadaveric elbows. The arm was mounted in a testing apparatus, and passive flexion was performed with the arm in varus and valgus(More)
External fixation is commonly used in the treatment of distal radius fractures. In this in vitro study, we investigated changes in fracture stability when using supplemental radial styloid pinning in combination with external fixation. Eight previously frozen cadaveric upper extremities were mounted in a computer-controlled wrist-loading apparatus. This(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of unreconstructible comminuted fractures of the radial head remains controversial. There is limited information on the outcome of management of these injuries with arthroplasty with a metal radial head implant. METHODS The functional outcomes of arthroplasties with a metal radial head implant for the treatment of twenty-five(More)
Electrophoretic examination (isoelectric focusing and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) of 157 plasmas from a Kangaroo Island population of tammar wallabies (Macropus eugenii) resulted in the identification of five putative condominant protease inhibitor alleles, F, I, M, P and S, which exhibited microheterogeneity due to variable terminal sialic acid(More)
A detailed biochemical characterization of four of the five previously described alleles of the plasma protease inhibitor (Pi) system of Equus przewalskii was performed using both one- and two-dimensional electrophoretic techniques. The proteins have been characterized in terms of isoelectric point, relative molecular mass, inhibitory activity to bovine(More)
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the most advantageous screw locations within the humeral head when plate and screw fixation is to be used and (2) to determine the effect of positioning the screw tip abutting the subchondral bone. Ten paired humeral heads were harvested with a monoplanar cut through the anatomic neck. Through use of a(More)
BACKGROUND Both total shoulder arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty have been used commonly to treat severe osteoarthritis of the shoulder; however, their effect on disease-specific quality-of-life outcome is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality-of-life outcome following hemiarthroplasty with that following total shoulder arthroplasty(More)