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A complex of polypeptides derived from a precursor is present on the surface of the malaria merozoite. During erythrocyte invasion only a small fragment from this complex is retained on the parasite surface and carried into the newly infected red cell. Antibodies to this fragment will interrupt invasion.
The ancestor of Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421(T) is believed to have diverged from that of all known cyanobacteria before the evolution of thylakoid membranes and plant plastids. The long and largely independent evolutionary history of G. violaceus presents an organism retaining ancestral features of early oxygenic photoautotrophs, and in whom… (More)
A Gram-negative bacterium, designated LA31B(T), was isolated from water collected from a hypersaline lagoon on Laysan Atoll in the north-western Hawaiian Islands. Single cells of LA31B(T) were slightly curved but became helical as their length increased. Preliminary characterization based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that LA31B(T) shared 96.0 %… (More)
The Opisthokonta are a eukaryotic supergroup divided in two main lineages: animals and related protistan taxa, and fungi and their allies [1, 2]. There is a great diversity of lifestyles and morphologies among unicellular opisthokonts, from free-living phagotrophic flagellated bacterivores and filopodiated amoebas to cell-walled osmotrophic parasites and… (More)
Flavobacterium spp. have been cultivated from diverse aquatic and terrestrial habitats. F. akiainvivens IK-1(T) was cultivated from decaying wood of Wikstroemia oahuensis, an endemic Hawaiian shrub. The strain's genome sequence may provide insights into niche adaptation and evolution of the genus in a mid-ocean archipelago.
Most Pantoea spp. have been isolated from plant sources or clinical samples. However, we cultivated Pantoea anthophila 11-2 from hypersaline water from the lake on Laysan, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Draft genome sequencing of 11-2 provides a molecular basis for studies in evolution and pathogenicity in Pantoea spp.
Rheinheimera salexigens KH87T is an obligately halophilic gammaproteobacterium. The strain's draft genome sequence, generated by the Roche 454 GS FLX+ platform, comprises two scaffolds of ~3.4 Mbp and ~3 kbp, with 3,030 protein-coding sequences and 58 tRNA coding regions. The G+C content is 42 mol%.
Luteimonas sp. strain JM171 was cultivated from mucus collected around the coral Porites lobata The JM171 draft genome of 2,992,353 bp contains 2,672 protein-coding open reading frames, 45 tRNA coding regions, and encodes a putative globin-coupled diguanylate cyclase, JmGReg.
The genus Terasakiispira hosts only Terasakiispira papahanaumokuakeensis PH27A(T), cultivated from an anchialine pond on Pearl and Hermes Atoll, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The strain's genome sequence may provide insights into the evolution of free-living Oceanospirillaceae.
One species of Piscirickettsia, a pathogen of salmonid fish, has been described. The genome sequence of a putative second and free-living species may provide insights into the evolution of pathogenicity in the genus.