Stuart N. Behncken

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Signal transduction by the growth hormone receptor (GHR) occurs through growth hormone (GH)-induced dimerization of two GHRs to form a trimeric complex. It is thought that dimerization alone is sufficient for signaling, since monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the extracellular domain of the GHR elicit proliferation of FDC-P1 cells transfected with a(More)
Growth hormone initiates signaling by inducing homodimerization of two GH receptors. Here, we have sought to determine whether constitutively active receptor can be created in the absence of the extracellular domain by substituting it with high affinity leucine zippers to create dimers of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) signaling domain. The entire(More)
1. The growth hormone (GH) receptor was the first of the class 1 cytokine receptors to be cloned. It shares a number of structural characteristics with other family members and common signalling mechanisms based on common usage of the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). 2. Growth hormone receptor activation is initiated by GH-induced homodimerization of receptor(More)
The growth and metabolic actions of growth hormone (GH) are believed to be mediated through the GH receptor (GHR) by JAK2 activation. The GHR exists as a constitutive homodimer, with signal transduction by ligand-induced realignment of receptor subunits. Based on the crystal structures, we identify a conformational change in the F'G' loop of the lower(More)
A Vietnamese girl with Laron syndrome has been treated with recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I for 4 yr from age 11.28 yr. Her height SD score increased from -6.3 to -4.7 without acceleration of bone age. Isolated breast development progressed despite pubertal suppression with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue, which was stopped(More)
It has been known for more than 4 decades that only primate growth hormones are effective in primate species, but it is only with the availability of the 2.8 A structure of the human growth hormone (hGH).hGH-binding protein (hGHBP)2 complex that Souza and co-workers (Souza, S. C., Frick, G. P., Wang, X., Kopchick, J. J., Lobo, R. B., and Goodman, H. M.(More)
Binding of growth hormone (GH) to its receptor (GHR) is a well-studied example of molecular recognition between a cytokine and its receptor. Extensive mutagenesis studies and several crystal structures have defined the key interactive amino acid residues that are involved in binding and subsequent receptor dimerization. This review encompasses each of the(More)
This article reviews the prospects for a small-molecule agonist of the growth hormone receptor in the light of current successes in identifying small agonist molecules for other homomeric class 1 cytokine receptors. A variety of mutagenic analyses on both hormone and receptor, studies with monoclonal antibody agonists of the GH receptor, and the use of a(More)
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