Stuart Moulder

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By quenching the strength of interactions in a partially condensed Bose gas, we create a "supersaturated" vapor which has more thermal atoms than it can contain in equilibrium. Subsequently, the number of condensed atoms (N(0)) grows even though the temperature (T) rises and the total atom number decays. We show that the nonequilibrium evolution of the(More)
We create and study persistent currents in a toroidal two-component Bose gas, consisting of 87Rb atoms in two different spin states. For a large spin-population imbalance we observe supercurrents persisting for over two minutes. However, we find that the supercurrent is unstable for spin polarization below a well-defined critical value. We also investigate(More)
We scrutinize the concept of saturation of the thermal component in a partially condensed trapped Bose gas. Using a 39K gas with tunable interactions, we demonstrate strong deviation from Einstein's textbook concept of a saturated vapor. However, the saturation picture can be recovered by extrapolation to the strictly noninteracting limit. We provide(More)
We describe an experimental setup and the cooling procedure for producing 39K Bose-Einstein condensates of over 4 × 105 atoms. Condensation is achieved via a combination of sympathetic cooling with 87Rb in a quadrupole-Ioffe-configuration (QUIC) magnetic trap and direct evaporation in a large-volume crossed optical dipole trap, where we exploit the broad(More)
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