Stuart Marsh

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The immunohistochemical localisation of the disease-specific protein, PrP(Sc), was examined in the distal ileum of cattle up to 40 months after they had been exposed orally to the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), in the intestines and mesenteric lymph nodes of an additional group of cattle, killed six months after a similar exposure, and in(More)
In individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM), the haptoglobin (Hp) genotype is a major determinant of susceptibility to myocardial infarction. We have proposed that this is because of DM and Hp genotype-dependent differences in the response to intraplaque hemorrhage. The macrophage hemoglobin scavenging receptor CD163 plays an essential role in the clearance(More)
A major function of haptoglobin (Hp) is to bind hemoglobin (Hb) to form a stable Hp-Hb complex and thereby prevent Hb-induced oxidative tissue damage. Clearance of the Hp-Hb complex can be mediated by the monocyte/macrophage scavenger receptor CD163. We recently demonstrated that diabetic individuals homozygous for the Hp 2 allele (Hp 2-2) were at 500%(More)
The human X chromosome is associated with a large number of disease phenotypes, principally because of its unique mode of inheritance that tends to reveal all recessive disorders in males. With the longer term goal of identifying and characterizing most of these genes, we have adopted a chromosome-wide strategy to establish a YAC contig map. We have(More)
Late complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) are the leading cause of adult blindness and end-stage renal disease in the western world, and a major contributor to cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disease. The etiology of the development of chronic complications of DM is unclear, and several theories have been proposed to explain the(More)
Tissues from sequential-kill time course studies of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) were examined to define PrP immunohistochemical labeling forms and map disease-specific labeling over the disease course after oral exposure to the BSE agent at two dose levels. Study was confined to brainstem, spinal cord, and certain peripheral nervous system(More)
In order to investigate the levels of HHV-6 infection and elevated antibodies to HHV-6 in HIV-1-infected asymptomatic and symptomatic patients, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were (PBMC) cultured. As patients progressed from asymptomatic HIV infection to AIDS, there was a concurrent increase in replicating HHV-6. Plasma obtained from several of these(More)
The immune response against mycobacterial infections is dependant upon a complex interaction between T lymphocytes and macrophages in the context of the granuloma. For this study, we performed the analysis of 18 stage I or II, and 13 stage III or IV granulomas found in lymph nodes from 8 experimentally and 2 naturally infected cattle. T-cell subpopulations(More)
An HHV-6 antigen capture assay measuring gp116/64/54 antigen was developed. This ELISA is specific for HHV-6 Variants A and B, does not cross react with other human herpesviruses, is sensitive, stable, quantitative, and can detect antigen in body fluids and cell cultures. Relative to virus isolation or techniques for measuring HHV-6 nucleic acids, the assay(More)