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Studies of HeLa cells and serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) knockout mice identified threonine residues in the n-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 protein (NDRG1-Thr346/356/366) that are phosphorylated by SGK1 but not by related kinases (Murray et al., Biochem J 385:1–12, 2005). We have, therefore, monitored the phosphorylation of(More)
To examine the nature of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-sensitive and ryanodine (Ryn)-sensitive Ca(2+) stores in isolated canine pulmonary arterial smooth cells (PASMC), agonist-induced changes in global intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) were measured using fura 2-AM fluorescence. Properties of elementary local Ca(2+) release events(More)
Epileptogenesis following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is likely due to a combination of increased excitability, disinhibition, and increased excitatory connectivity via aberrant axon sprouting. Targeting these pathways could be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of posttraumatic epilepsy. Here, we tested this possibility using the novel(More)
STUDY QUESTION Is the environmental endocrine disruptor p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE) able to induce non-genomic changes in human sperm and consequently affect functional sperm parameters? SUMMARY ANSWER p,p'-DDE promoted Ca(2+) flux into human sperm by activating CatSper channels even at doses found in human reproductive fluids,(More)
Secretion of HCO(3)(-) by airway submucosal glands is essential for normal liquid and mucus secretion. Because the liquid bathing the airway surface (ASL) is acidic, it has been proposed that the surface epithelium may acidify HCO(3)(-)-rich glandular fluid. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which intact distal bronchi, which(More)
Treating H441 cells with dexamethasone raised the abundance of mRNA encoding the epithelial Na(+) channel alpha- and beta-subunits and increased transepithelial ion transport (measured as short-circuit current, I(sc)) from <4 microA.cm(-2) to 10-20 microA.cm(-2). This dexamethasone-stimulated ion transport was blocked by amiloride analogs with a rank order(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the serum and glucocorticoid-inducible protein kinase 1 (SGK1) appears to be involved in controlling epithelial Na(+) absorption, its role in this physiologically important ion transport process is undefined. As SGK1 activity is dependent upon target of rapamycin complex 2 (TORC2)-catalysed phosphorylation of SGK1-Ser(422) ,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Insulin-induced Na(+) retention in the distal nephron may contribute to the development of oedema/hypertension in patients with type 2 diabetes. This response to insulin is usually attributed to phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) but a role for protein kinase B (PKB) has been(More)
Saliva samples were obtained from the cannulated duct of the rat submandibular gland following intravenous administration of the autonomic agonists, acetyl beta-methyl choline (methacholine), phenylephrine and isoprenaline and by stimulating sympathetically at 5 and 20 Hz. Phenylephrine and isoprenaline produced a saliva approximately 50-fold richer in(More)
P2Y receptor agonists stimulate Cl– secretion across both normal and cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelia, and therefore have potential for use in the treatment of CF. Although CF pathology is manifest primarily in the distal airways, most studies of P2Y-receptor-mediated airway epithelial ion transport have used cells cultured from proximal regions. Here(More)