Stuart M. Sprague

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Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism are prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are an important cause of morbidity, decreased quality of life, and extraskeletal calcification that have been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. These disturbances have traditionally been termed renal osteodystrophy and classified based on bone(More)
BACKGROUND The safety and efficacy of paricalcitol injection have been well established for the prevention and treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5. The capsule form of paricalcitol was developed to provide a convenient dosage form for patients with stages 3 and 4 CKD. METHODS Three(More)
BACKGROUND A need exists for a therapy that lowers parathyroid hormone (PTH) without increasing calcium x phosphorus in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. The calcimimetic AMG 073 increases the sensitivity of the parathyroid calcium-sensing receptor to extracellular calcium, thereby reducing PTH secretion. Consequently, AMG 073 may provide a novel(More)
Patients with diabetes tend to have an increased incidence of osteopenia that may be related to hyperglycemia. However, little is known about how glucose may alter bone formation and osteoblast maturation. To determine whether glucose affects osteoblastic calcium deposition, MC3T3-E1 cells were incubated in media containing either a normal (5.5 mmol/L) or(More)
BACKGROUND Management of secondary hyperparathyroidism has included the use of active vitamin D or vitamin D analogs for the suppression of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. Although, these agents are effective, therapy is frequently limited by hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and/or elevations in the calcium-phosphorus (Ca x P) product. In clinical(More)
Efficacy of PA21 (sucroferric oxyhydroxide), a novel calcium-free polynuclear iron(III)-oxyhydroxide phosphate binder, was compared with that of sevelamer carbonate in an open-label, randomized, active-controlled phase III study. Seven hundred and seven hemo- and peritoneal dialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia received PA21 1.0-3.0 g per day and 348(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Lanthanum carbonate (FOSRENOL, Shire Pharmaceuticals) is an effective noncalcium, nonresin phosphate binder for the control of hyperphosphatemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 patients undergoing dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS A Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial(More)
This commentary provides a US perspective on the 2009 KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, Prevention, and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD). KDIGO is an independent international organization with the primary mission of the promotion, coordination,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication of chronic kidney disease, resulting from inactivation of vitamin D receptor signaling and phosphate retention. Selective activation of vitamin D receptors with intravenous paricalcitol significantly reduced parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels with no significant hypercalcemia or(More)