Stuart M Carroll

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Neuropeptides, including substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and somatostatin (SS) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) may play a role in neurogenic inflammation and pain transmission. Adrenal corticosteroids regulate neuropeptide synthesis in some areas of the CNS and may modulate neurogenic inflammation and sensory perception. We have(More)
Baseline morning and evening serum cortisol and ACTH concentrations, and diurnal changes in hormone levels, were measured in 30 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) but without concurrent depressive disorder and a control group of 15 weight-, age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Morning cortisol levels were non-significantly lower in CFS(More)
20 DSM-III-R melancholics with clinically evident diurnal symptoms and 20 controls were assessed with a battery of neuropsychological tests, a test of maximum voluntary hand-grip, and neuroendocrine measures of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function morning and evening in a 24-h period, using a balanced design. The morning pattern of(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) plays a role in mediating the oestradiol-induced surge of luteinising hormone (LH), but so far the 5-HT receptor subtype involved has not been identified. Our previous in-situ hybridization and pharmacological studies suggest that the action of 5-HT involves the 5-HT2A receptor. The aim of the present study was to investigate this(More)
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is necessary for the development of cervical carcinoma. By contrast, the role of HPV in the pathogenesis of other malignancies, such as head and neck cancers, is less well characterised. This study aimed to address key information gaps by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of HPV(More)
The role of serotonin (5-HT) in generating the spontaneous preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) has been investigated by studying the effect of ketanserin (a mixed 5-HT2/alpha 1 adrenoreceptor antagonist); the selective 5-HT2 receptor antagonist, ritanserin; and the selective alpha 1 adrenoreceptor antagonist, prazosin, on the plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Penile cancer is a rare malignancy in Western countries, with an incidence rate of around 1 per 100,000. Due to its rarity, most treatment recommendations are based on small trials and case series reports. Furthermore, data on the resource implications are scarce. The objective of this study was to estimate the annual economic burden of treating(More)
BACKGROUND Anal cancer requires a multidisciplinary approach to treatment with often complex interventions. Little is known regarding the associated costs and resource use. METHODS Patient records were extracted from a national hospital database to estimate the number of patients treated for anal cancer in England. Identified resource use was linked to(More)
The responses of thirteen patients with bulimia nervosa and sixteen controls matched for age and weight are described following the ingestion of a carbohydrate and a calorie-free placebo mixture in simulated binges. Psychological, hormonal and biochemical parameters were measured before and at 15 minute intervals for two hours after the simulated binge. At(More)