Stuart M Carroll

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Neuropeptides, including substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and somatostatin (SS) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) may play a role in neurogenic inflammation and pain transmission. Adrenal corticosteroids regulate neuropeptide synthesis in some areas of the CNS and may modulate neurogenic inflammation and sensory perception. We have(More)
Baseline morning and evening serum cortisol and ACTH concentrations, and diurnal changes in hormone levels, were measured in 30 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) but without concurrent depressive disorder and a control group of 15 weight-, age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Morning cortisol levels were non-significantly lower in CFS(More)
20 DSM-III-R melancholics with clinically evident diurnal symptoms and 20 controls were assessed with a battery of neuropsychological tests, a test of maximum voluntary hand-grip, and neuroendocrine measures of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function morning and evening in a 24-h period, using a balanced design. The morning pattern of(More)
BACKGROUND Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of herpes zoster (shingles). As a chronic condition, PHN can have a substantial adverse impact on patients' lives. However, UK-specific data concerning the burden of PHN on individual patients, healthcare systems and wider society, are lacking. As the first UK-wide cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes zoster (HZ) is a painful condition that can have a substantial negative impact on patients' lives. However, UK-specific data on the debilitating impact of HZ, in terms of patients' experience of pain and impairments in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) are limited. The Zoster Quality of Life (ZQOL) study, a large-scale UK(More)
In the context of current economic difficulties across Europe, accurate budgeting and resource allocation have become increasingly important. Vaccination programmes can respond to the needs of governments to budget with confidence. It may be more reliable and accurate to forecast budget and resource allocation for a vaccination programme than for(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) plays a role in mediating the oestradiol-induced surge of luteinising hormone (LH), but so far the 5-HT receptor subtype involved has not been identified. Our previous in-situ hybridization and pharmacological studies suggest that the action of 5-HT involves the 5-HT2A receptor. The aim of the present study was to investigate this(More)
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is necessary for the development of cervical carcinoma. By contrast, the role of HPV in the pathogenesis of other malignancies, such as head and neck cancers, is less well characterised. This study aimed to address key information gaps by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of HPV(More)
Acute presentation of herpes zoster (HZ) and the subsequent development of post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) can have a significant impact on patients’ lives. To date, evidence regarding the human and economic burden of HZ and PHN in the UK is limited. To address this knowledge gap a national, multicentre, large-scale real-world study was conducted to inform(More)