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BACKGROUND & AIMS Mechanosensory information from the colon is conducted via lumbar splanchnic nerves (LSN) and sacral pelvic nerves (PN) to the spinal cord. The precise nature of mechanosensory information encoded by each pathway has remained elusive. Here, we characterize and directly compare the properties of mechanosensitive primary afferents from these(More)
Transient receptor potential ion channel melastatin subtype 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents, such as menthol and icilin. Compounds containing peppermint are reported to reduce symptoms of bowel hypersensitivity; however, the underlying mechanisms of action are unclear. Here we determined the role of TRPM8 in colonic sensory(More)
Lumbar splanchnic (LSN) and sacral pelvic (PN) nerves convey different mechanosensory information from the colon to the spinal cord. Here we determined whether these pathways also differ in their chemosensitivity and receptor expression. Using an in vitro mouse colon preparation, individual primary afferents were tested with selective P2X and transient(More)
AIMS Members of the acid sensing ion channel (ASIC) family are strong candidates as mechanical transducers in sensory function. The authors have shown that ASIC1a has no role in skin but a clear influence in gastrointestinal mechanotransduction. Here they investigate further ASIC1a in gut mechanoreceptors, and compare its influence with ASIC2 and ASIC3. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although there are many candidates as molecular mechanotransducers, so far there has been no evidence for molecular specialization of visceral afferents. Here, we show that colonic afferents express a specific molecular transducer that underlies their specialized mechanosensory function: the transient receptor potential channel, vanilloid(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Visceral mechanoreceptors are critical for perceived sensations and autonomic reflex control of gastrointestinal function. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying visceral mechanosensation remain poorly defined. Degenerin/epithelial Na+ channel (DEG/ENaC) family ion channels are candidate mechanosensory molecules, and we hypothesized(More)
The mechanosensory role of TRPA1 and its contribution to mechanical hypersensitivity in sensory neurons remains enigmatic. We elucidated this role by recording mechanically activated currents in conjunction with TRPA1 over- and under-expression and selective pharmacology. First, we established that TRPA1 transcript, protein and functional expression are(More)
Reducing colonic mechanosensitivity is an important potential strategy for reducing visceral pain. Mice lacking acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC) 1, 2, and 3 show altered colonic mechanosensory function, implicating ASICs in the mechanotransduction process. Deletion of ASICs affects mechanotransduction in visceral and cutaneous afferents differently,(More)
BACKGROUND Lumbar splanchnic (LSN) and sacral pelvic (PN) nerves convey different mechanosensory information from the colon to the spinal cord. Here, we determined whether these pathways differ also in their chemosensitivity to bradykinin. METHODS Using a novel in vitro mouse colon preparation, serosal afferents were recorded from the LSN and PN and(More)
The Deg/ENaC family of ion channels, including ASIC1, 2 and 3, are candidate mechanotransducers in visceral and somatic sensory neurons, although each channel may play a different role in different sensory pathways. Here we determined which distinct populations of visceral sensory neurons are sensitive to the non-selective Deg/ENaC blocker benzamil, and(More)