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As this 15-year period draws to a close, there is a need for collecting together the results to date, organizing them, understanding the essence of this field, and providing materials for teaching. In the next period, information visualization will pass out of the realm of an exotic research specialty and into mainstream of user interface application(More)
Although information visualization (infovis) technologies have proven indispensable tools for making sense of complex data, wide-spread deployment has yet to take hold, as successful infovis applications are often difficult to author and require domain-specific customization. To address these issues, we have created prefuse, a software framework for(More)
The task of managing and accessing large information spaces is a problem in large scale cognition. Enwrging technologies for 3D visualization and interactive aninla-iion offer potential solutions to this problenl, especially when the structure of the information can be visualized. We describe one of these Information Visualtza-iion techniques, called the(More)
There are ~eg:N ms:poets of aser~emt,xu{er ~rforma~ce tha~ sys*em designers sh~d sys~emarka{~ ~ e r. This arlic|e prop~yses a ~im~}e m~eL the Neys{T{.>ke-Levd Medea, for predkd~g o,~e aspe~'t M w2rferma:mee: the time i:t takes ,a~ expel u~wr ~;:o perform a givers *az~ m~ a give= eom,p~:{er sys{~a. The model is b.ae~ e~ counting keystrokes :a~d @~er |owdevel(More)
Making sense of a body of data is a common activity in any kind of analysis. <italic>Sensemaking</italic> is the process of searching for a representation and encoding data in that representation to answer task-specific questions. Different operations during sensemaking require different cognitive and external resources. Representations are chosen and(More)
We present a new visualization, called the Table Lens, for visualizing and making sense of large tables. The visual-ization uses a focus+ccmtext (fisheye) technique that works effectively on tabular information because it allows display of crucial label information and multiple distal focal areas. In addition, a graphical mapping scheme for depicting table(More)
INFORMATION VISUALIZATION USING 3D INTERACTIVE ANIMATION innovations are often driven by a combination of technology advances and application demands. On the technology side, advances in interactive computer graphics hardware, coupled with low-cost mass storage, have created new possibilities for information retrieval systems in which UIs could play a more(More)
Several visualizations have emerged which attempt to visualize all or part of the World Wide Web. Those visualizations, however, fail to present the dynamically changing ecology of users and documents on the Web. We present new techniques for Web Ecology and Evolution Visualization (WEEV). Disk Trees represent a discrete time slice of the Web ecology. A(More)
Research on information visualization has reached the place where a number of successful point designs have been proposed and a number of techniques of been discovered. It is now appropriate to begin to describe and analyze portions of the design space so as to understand the differences among designs and to suggest new possibilities. This paper proposes an(More)
This paper proposes a concept for the user interface of information retrieval systems called an information workspace. The concept goes beyond the usual notion of an information retrieval system to encompass the cost structure of information from secondary storage to immediate use. As an implementation of the concept, the paper describes an experimental(More)