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The majority of cancers arise from malignant epithelial cells. We report the design of synthetic oligonucleotides (aptamers) that are only internalized by epithelial cancer cells and can be precisely activated by light to kill such cells. Specifically, phototoxic DNA aptamers were selected to bind to unique short O-glycan-peptide signatures on the surface(More)
Osteomyelitis can lead to severe morbidity and even death resulting from an acute or chronic inflammation of the bone and contiguous structures due to fungal or bacterial infection. Incidence approximates 1 in 1000 neonates and 1 in 5000 children in the United States annually and increases up to 0.36% and 16% in adults with diabetes or sickle cell anaemia,(More)
A mobile isocentric C-arm (Siemens PowerMobil) has been modified in our laboratory to include a large area flat-panel detector (in place of the x-ray image intensifier), providing multi-mode fluoroscopy and cone-beam computed tomography (CT) imaging capability. This platform represents a promising technology for minimally invasive, image-guided surgical(More)
TOOKAD (WST09) is a new, long-wavelength palladium bacteriopheophorbide photosensitizer that targets tissue vasculature. The cutaneous phototoxicity of TOOKAD was assessed in normal rat and pig animal models and in patients in a Phase-I trial of TOOKAD-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) for recurrent prostate cancer. Controlled skin exposures were(More)
1. A study has been made of the effect of neocuproine, a specific Cu(I) chelator, on vasodilator responses of rat isolated perfused tail artery to two nitrosothiols: S-nitroso-N-acetyl-D,L-penicillamine (SNAP) and S-nitroso-glutathione (GSNO). 2. Bolus injections (10 microl) of SNAP or GSNO (10(-7)-10(-3) M) were delivered into the lumen of perfused vessels(More)
We previously described a fiber based Doppler optical coherence tomography system [1] capable of imaging embryo cardiac blood flow at 4~16 frames per second with wide velocity dynamic range [2]. Coupling this system to a linear scanning fiber optical catheter design that minimizes friction and vibrations, we report here the initial results of in vivo(More)
The feasibility and efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of vertebral metastases using a minimally invasive surgical technique adapted from vertebroplasty was evaluated in a rodent model. Initial validation included photosensitizer (benzoporphyrin-derivative monoacid-ring A) drug uptake studies and in vitro confirmation of PDT efficacy.(More)
In paraformaldehyde-fixed sections of healthy brain, glial cells at the light-microscope level do not contain measurable levels of NADPH-diaphorase. However, after a variety of lesions in the mouse brain, some reactive astrocytes express varying amounts of this enzyme. Following stab wounds, activated astrocytes or related glial cells surrounding the(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising modality for the treatment of solid tumors that combines a photosensitizing agent and light to produce cytotoxic reactive oxygen species that lead to tumor cell death. The recent introduction of bioluminescence imaging (BLI), involving the use of the luciferase gene (luc) transferred into target tumor cells,(More)
The concept of metronomic photodynamic therapy (mPDT) is presented, in which both the photosensitizer and light are delivered continuously at low rates for extended periods of time to increase selective tumor cell kill through apoptosis. The focus of the present preclinical study is on mPDT treatment of malignant brain tumors, in which selectivity tumor(More)