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The effects of several 5-HT1A agonists and excitatory amino acid antagonists were compared to the standard benzodiazepines, diazepam and chlordiazepoxide (CDP) in two assays predictive of anxiolytic activity, the social interaction and elevated plus maze procedures. Indicative of anxiolytic effects the 5-HT1A agonists, buspirone, gepirone and(More)
Clonidine was found to possess dose-dependent analgesic and antiwithdrawal activity. In mice, clonidine prolonged the tail flick latency and inhibited phenylquinone-induced writhing. In rats, it inhibited tail withdrawal from hot water and a pain response to pressure application on an inflamed paw. The effective doses of clonidine were different in the(More)
Benzodiazepine (BZD) anxiolytics, through their activation of the BZD-GABA receptor complex, display robust anxiolytic-like effects following systemic administration in both conditioned and non-conditioned behavioral procedures. The present results show that the GABAA agonists muscimol (0.5–1.0 mg/kg), THIP (2.5–10.0 mg/kg), and isoguvacine (25.0 mg/kg) as(More)
The activity of clonidine and its interaction with morphine was assessed in the mouse tail flick assay. In this assay, clonidine was found to be 10 times more potent than morphine. Clonidine potentiated morphine antinociceptive activity approximately five-fold and morphine potentiated clonidine activity four-fold. Clonidine's agonstic activity was not(More)
The opioid receptor selectivity of the EKC discriminative stimulus was characterized in Fischer rats trained to discriminate 0.3 mg/kg EKC (SC) from saline in a twochoice discrete-trial avoidance paradigm. The putative kappa-opioid receptor agonists EKC and U50,488H completely generalized with the EKC aue at doses of 0.3 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. The(More)
Nomifensine has demonstrated efficacy in several animal models that have been found to be predictive of clinical antidepressant activity, and has also been found to have a low potential for both cardiovascular and anticholinergic side effects. A comparison of nomifensine's profile with those of standard antidepressant agents shows this drug to possess clear(More)