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Research on memory processing suggests that memory for events that an individual experiences should be superior to that for similar events that someone else experiences (e.g., Baker-Ward et al., 1990). However, such predictions may not be applicable to individuals with autism. There are already suggestions that individuals with autism have specific(More)
Much controversy remains regarding the ability of children with autism to engage in spontaneous play. In this study children with autism, Down syndrome and typical development with verbal mental ages of approximately 2 years were assessed for play abilities at three data points. Even in this group of children with autism, who had relatively low verbal(More)
Although there has recently been considerable research interest in the difficulties that children with autism have engaging in pretend play, little attention has been paid to the ability of these children to imitate pretend play acts. Furthermore, suggestions that children with Down syndrome have relatively advanced abilities in pretend play have not been(More)
In this paper we discuss the use of interactive environments in autism therapy. In particular we review the Aurora project and summarise the results of three studies within Aurora project, one using a non-humanoid mobile robot, one using a small humanoid doll robot, and the last using a touch sensitive screen. All three studies seek, in different ways, to(More)
By telling stories to ourselves and others we make sense of the world; not only of events and why they happened, but also of the actions and motivations of ourselves and others. However, people with autism appear to live in a less coherent world; autism is a lifelong pervasive developmental disorder affecting social ability. Experiments have shown that(More)
Interpretive diversity is the term used by Carpendale and Chandler (1996) to refer to the fact that two individuals exposed to precisely the same stimulus may interpret it in quite different, but equally plausible, ways. An appreciation of interpretive diversity is said by Carpendale and Chandler to represent a development in understanding that is(More)
Research has shown a deficit in the comprehension and creation of narrative in children with autism which impacts on their social skills. Children with autism form a very diverse group; our research agenda is to develop an interactive software system that elicits children's narrative comprehension while addressing the needs of individual children. This(More)
Children with autism exhibit a deficit in the comprehension and creation of narrative which impacts their social world. Our ongoing research agenda is to find ways of developing interactive learning environments which enhance the ability of individual children with autism to deal with narrative and thus the social world. The study reported here involved 12(More)
We take previously developed principles of a problem-solving approach to teaching pupils with (Jordan & Powell, 1990a, 1990b, 1991), and analyze their application within the normal teaching routine of a specialist school for such pupils. We note the kinds of pedagogical judgment made, and the structures needed by individual pupils to enable them to function(More)