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Nerve growth factor (NGF) regulates the microtubule-dependent extension and maintenance of axons by some peripheral neurons. We show here that one effect of NGF is to promote microtubule assembly during neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells. Though NGF causes an increase in total tubulin levels, the formation of neurites and the assembly of microtubules follow a(More)
The neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and NT-4/5 exert their trophic effects on the nervous system via signaling through trkB receptors. These receptors occur as splice variants of the trkB gene that encodes a full-length receptor containing the signal transducing tyrosine kinase domain as well as truncated forms lacking this domain.(More)
The TrkB family of transmembrane proteins serve as receptors for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin (NT)-4/5, and possibly NT-3, three members of the neurotrophin family of neurotrophic factors. In order to understand the potential roles played by these receptors, we have examined the distribution of the TrkB receptor proteins in the(More)
The trkB family of transmembrane proteins serves as receptors for BDNF and NT-4/5. The family is composed of a tyrosine kinase-containing isoform as well as several alternatively spliced "truncated receptors" with identical extracellular ligand-binding domains but very small intracellular domains. The two best-characterized truncated trkB receptors,(More)
Investigations into the biological actions of nerve growth factor (NGF) have shown that dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons subserving nociception require NGF for survival and maintenance of phenotype. This discovery suggests that the signaling NGF receptor, TrkA, can be used as a marker for nociceptive neurons. In this study, we have used antibodies to(More)
Tau is a developmentally regulated microtubule-associated protein that influences microtubule behavior by directly associating with tubulin. The carboxyl terminus of tau contains multiple 18-amino acid repeats that bind microtubules and are separated by 13-14-amino acid inter-repeat (IR) regions previously thought to function as "linkers." Here, we have(More)
To assess the potential effectiveness by which injected neurotrophins can diffuse throughout the brain, we used autoradiographic and immunohistochemical techniques to examine the brain distributions of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) after a single injection into the lateral cerebral ventricle(More)
Tau, MAP2, and MAP4 are members of a microtubule-associated protein (MAP) family that are each expressed as "3-repeat" and "4-repeat" isoforms. These isoforms arise from tightly controlled tissue-specific and/or developmentally regulated alternative splicing of a 31-amino acid long "inter-repeat:repeat module," raising the possibility that different MAP(More)
Neurotrophins play important roles in the survival, differentiation, and maintenance of CNS neurons. To begin to investigate specific roles for these factors in the mammalian visual system, we have examined the cellular localization of the neurotrophin receptor trkB within the developing cerebral cortex and thalamus of the ferret using extracellular(More)
An atomic force microscope was used to image the morphology and structural reorganization of rat NIH/3T3 fibroblasts and PC-12 cells growing in petri dishes. NIH/3T3 fibroblasts had a uniform morphology and an extensive cytoskeletal network. Cell thickness varied from approximately 2-3 microns above the nucleus to approximately 20-30 nm over the distal(More)