Stuart Bogema

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The objective of this study is to determine whether R(-)-methamphetamine inhaled from nasal inhalers produces positive methamphetamine results in currently used urine drug screening procedures and to present a rapid method for distinguishing the optical isomers of methamphetamine. Urine from three subjects inhaling from a Vicks Nasal Inhaler every 20 min(More)
Signify ER Drug Screen Test (Signify ER) and Triage Drug of Abuse Panel plus TCA (Triage DOA Panel) rapid drug screening devices were compared at four laboratories. Both assay systems are point of care immunoassays, measuring phencyclidine, barbiturates, amphetamine, cocaine metabolite, methamphetamine, tricyclic antidepressants, opiates, marijuana(More)
Isolated studies of the stability of individual drugs of abuse have been reported. However, few have evaluated stability in frozen urine samples stored for 12 months. We have determined the stability of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-COOH-THC), amphetamine, methamphetamine, morphine, codeine, cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and phencyclidine in(More)
The stereoselectivity, cross-reactivity and clinical performance of the EMIT-d.a.u. monoclonal amphetamine(A)/methamphetamine (MA) immunoassay (EM) were evaluated. The cut-off calibrator of the assay was 1000 ng/ml S(+)MA. Analysis of drug-added urines and 72 clinical specimens demonstrated a cut-off for S(+)-amphetamine of approximately 400 ng/ml. The(More)
The EZ-SCREEN Cannabinoid/Cocaine test is a qualitative enzyme immunoassay card test for the detection of cannabinoid and cocaine metabolites in urine specimens. Results are available in about three minutes. The test kit costs approximately $12.00 per two-drug test, and there are no additional expenses for analytical equipment. We compared the results of(More)
Urine specimens from 162 adolescents entering a drug treatment program were tested for cannabinoids using a photometric immunoassay (EMITst) and thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The EMITst has a cutoff point of detection 25 ng/mL or less of 9-carboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol. When reported as positive, both tests appeared to be reliable. There were two(More)
Federal guidelines for urine marijuana testing use a screening cutoff of 100 ng/mL and a confirming cutoff of 15 ng/mL. We tested 75 urine samples with two different immunoassays with cutoff points of 100 and 20 ng/mL. The same samples were also analyzed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. At the government recommended cutoff levels for screening and(More)
The combination of tetracaine, adrenalin, and cocaine (TAC) has become increasingly popular as a topical anesthetic for the suturing of simple skin lacerations. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of TAC on a urine drug test for cocaine. On the morning after the use of TAC, 14 of 18 patients (78%) studied had positive screening tests for(More)