Stuart Bogema

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Isolated studies of the stability of individual drugs of abuse have been reported. However, few have evaluated stability in frozen urine samples stored for 12 months. We have determined the stability of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-COOH-THC), amphetamine, methamphetamine, morphine, codeine, cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and phencyclidine in(More)
The objective of this study is to determine whether R(-)-methamphetamine inhaled from nasal inhalers produces positive methamphetamine results in currently used urine drug screening procedures and to present a rapid method for distinguishing the optical isomers of methamphetamine. Urine from three subjects inhaling from a Vicks Nasal Inhaler every 20 min(More)
Signify ER Drug Screen Test (Signify ER) and Triage Drug of Abuse Panel plus TCA (Triage DOA Panel) rapid drug screening devices were compared at four laboratories. Both assay systems are point of care immunoassays, measuring phencyclidine, barbiturates, amphetamine, cocaine metabolite, methamphetamine, tricyclic antidepressants, opiates, marijuana(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic procedure is described for the separation of cis and trans isomers of thiothixene, a thioxanthene derivative used as an antipsychotic agent. A radial compression module (RCM-100) was used with both silica and cyanopropyl cartridges. A fixed-wavelength UV detector (254 nm) was used in these studies for quantitation.(More)
The stereoselectivity, cross-reactivity and clinical performance of the EMIT-d.a.u. monoclonal amphetamine(A)/methamphetamine (MA) immunoassay (EM) were evaluated. The cut-off calibrator of the assay was 1000 ng/ml S(+)MA. Analysis of drug-added urines and 72 clinical specimens demonstrated a cut-off for S(+)-amphetamine of approximately 400 ng/ml. The(More)
Urine specimens from 162 adolescents entering a drug treatment program were tested for cannabinoids using a photometric immunoassay (EMITst) and thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The EMITst has a cutoff point of detection 25 ng/mL or less of 9-carboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol. When reported as positive, both tests appeared to be reliable. There were two(More)
The EZ-SCREEN Cannabinoid/Cocaine test is a qualitative enzyme immunoassay card test for the detection of cannabinoid and cocaine metabolites in urine specimens. Results are available in about three minutes. The test kit costs approximately $12.00 per two-drug test, and there are no additional expenses for analytical equipment. We compared the results of(More)
The combination of tetracaine, adrenalin, and cocaine (TAC) has become increasingly popular as a topical anesthetic for the suturing of simple skin lacerations. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of TAC on a urine drug test for cocaine. On the morning after the use of TAC, 14 of 18 patients (78%) studied had positive screening tests for(More)
Boric acid solution was inadvertantly used to dilute concentrated formula and was fed to 24-day-old and 14-month-old siblings. Total amounts ingested were 2.6 g and 1.95 g, respectively. Symptoms of toxicity included irritability, diarrhea, and perineal erythema (in the younger child only). Peak boric acid levels were 147 micrograms/ml in the 24-day-old and(More)