Learn More
Electron-electron interactions can render an otherwise conducting material insulating, with the insulator-metal phase transition in correlated-electron materials being the canonical macroscopic manifestation of the competition between charge-carrier itinerancy and localization. The transition can arise from underlying microscopic interactions among the(More)
We analyze a core literature of urban ecology (all articles published in Urban Ecology and Urban Ecosystems from 1975–2004, n = 261) to support a reflexive analysis of the field. We structure this critical analysis based on criteria derived from programmatic statements made by scientific societies, research funding organizations and academic institutions(More)
Spintronics is a rapidly emerging field of science and technology that will most likely have a significant impact on the future of all aspects of electronics as we continue to move into the 21st century. Conventional electronics are based on the charge of the electron. Attempts to use the other fundamental property of an electron, its spin, have given rise(More)
As classical information technology approaches limits of size and functionality, practitioners are searching for new paradigms for the distribution and processing of information. Our goal in this Introduction is to provide a broad view of the beginning of a new era in information technology, an era of quantum information, where previously underutilized(More)
We resolved the enigma of anisotropic electronic transport in strained vanadium dioxide (VO2) films by inquiring into the role that strain plays in the nanoscale phase separation in the vicinity of the insulator-to-metal transition. The root source of the anisotropy was visualized as the formation of a peculiar unidirectional stripe state which accompanies(More)
CoFe(2)O(4) (CFO)-BiFeO(3) (BFO) nanocomposites are an intriguing option for future memory and logic technologies due to the magnetoelectric properties of the system. However, these nanocomposites form with CFO pillars randomly located within a BFO matrix, making implementation in devices difficult. To overcome this, we present a technique to produce(More)
Recently, with the discovery of multiferroic materials, there has been a great interest in creating logic devices which exploit both magnetic and electric properties of these materials. This paper proposes a reconfigurable array of magnetic automata (RAMA) made of multiferroic nanopillars which can be operated using electric fields. Furthermore, due to the(More)
We report on the first observation of optically excited surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in the conducting phase of vanadium dioxide (VO(2)) thin films. VO(2) is low-loss optical material that undergoes an insulator-metal transition (IMT) under suitable thermal, optical, or electrical stimulation, thus enabling tunable SPP excitation of the conducting(More)
We investigate the differences in the dynamics of the ultrafast photo-induced metal–insulator transition (MIT) of two VO 2 thin films deposited on different substrates, TiO 2 and Al 2 O 3 , and in particular the temperature dependence of the threshold laser fluence values required to induce various MIT stages in a wide range of sample temperatures 150–320(More)