Stoyan Dimitrov

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Behavioral scientists have increasingly included inflammatory biology as mechanisms in their investigation of psychosocial dynamics on the pathobiology of disease. However, a lack of standardization of inclusion and exclusion criteria and assessment of relevant control variables impacts the interpretation of these studies. The present paper reviews and(More)
Pronounced circadian rhythms in numbers of circulating T cells reflect a systemic control of adaptive immunity whose mechanisms are obscure. Here, we show that circadian variations in T cell subpopulations in human blood are differentially regulated via release of cortisol and catecholamines. Within the CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell subsets, naive cells show(More)
It is well-known that acute stress, presumably as a first defense against pathogens, enhances PBMC counts by mobilizing these beta2-adrenoceptor positive cells from the marginal pool. Yet, only select leukocyte subsets participate in this phenomenon of adrenergic leukocytosis and underlying mechanisms are obscure. In this study, we analyzed in human blood(More)
Many immune parameters show systematic fluctuations over the 24-h day in human blood. Circulating naive T-cells and production of proinflammatory cytokines, like interleukin-12 (IL-12), peak during nighttime, whereas cytotoxic effector leukocytes and production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 peak during daytime. These temporal changes originate(More)
A number of immunological functions are dependent on circadian rhythms and regular sleep. This has impact on the type and magnitude of immune responses following antigenic challenge, for example in vaccination. Little is known about the underlying mechanisms. One possibility may be the circadian and sleep-dependent modulation of CD4(+)CD25(-) T cell(More)
Recent human studies suggested a supportive influence of regular nocturnal sleep on immune responses to experimental infection (vaccination). We hypothesized here that sleep could ease such responses by shifting the balance between T helper 1 (Th1) and T helper 2 (Th2) cytokine activity towards Th1 dominance thereby favoring cellular over humoral responses(More)
The release of the pituitary hormones, prolactin and growth hormone (GH), and of adrenal corticosteroids is subject to a profound regulation by sleep. In addition these hormones are known to be involved in the regulation of the immune response. Here, we examined their role for in vitro production of T-cell cytokines. Specifically, we hypothesized that(More)
We demonstrate a cellphone-based rapid-diagnostic-test (RDT) reader platform that can work with various lateral flow immuno-chromatographic assays and similar tests to sense the presence of a target analyte in a sample. This compact and cost-effective digital RDT reader, weighing only ~65 g, mechanically attaches to the existing camera unit of a cellphone,(More)
Sleep is commonly considered to support immune defense. The underlying sleep-immune interaction appears to rely critically on cytokines, like interleukin-6 (IL-6), that combine effects on immune and neuronal functions. The IL-6 signal is conveyed in two ways: it stimulates a restricted group of (mostly immune) cells via membrane-bound IL-6 receptors(More)
In this work we investigate whether the innate visual recognition and learning capabilities of untrained humans can be used in conducting reliable microscopic analysis of biomedical samples toward diagnosis. For this purpose, we designed entertaining digital games that are interfaced with artificial learning and processing back-ends to demonstrate that in(More)