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The mechanisms contributing to transcription-associated genomic instability are both complex and incompletely understood. Although R-loops are normal transcriptional intermediates, they are also associated with genomic instability. Here, we show that BRCA1 is recruited to R-loops that form normally over a subset of transcription termination regions. There(More)
Dicer is central to the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway, because it is required for processing of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) precursors into small RNA effector molecules. In principle, any long dsRNA could serve as a substrate for Dicer. The X inactive specific transcript (Xist) is an untranslated RNA that is required for dosage compensation in mammals. It(More)
BRCA1, a breast and ovarian cancer-suppressor gene, exerts tumor-suppressing functions that appear to be associated, at least in part, with its DNA repair, checkpoint, and mitotic regulatory activities. Earlier work from our laboratory also suggested an ability of BRCA1 to communicate with the inactive X chromosome (Xi) in female somatic cells (Ganesan et(More)
Endogenous BRCA1 p220 expression peaks in S and G2 when it is activated, and the protein participates in certain key DNA damage responses. In contrast, its expression is markedly reduced in G0/G1. While variations in transcription represent a significant part of p220 expression control, there is at least one other relevant process. We found that a microRNA,(More)
An abnormal differentiation state is common in BRCA1-deficient mammary epithelial cells, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we report a convergence between DNA repair and normal, cultured human mammary epithelial (HME) cell differentiation. Surprisingly, depleting BRCA1 or FANCD2 (Fanconi anemia [FA] proteins) or BRG1, a mSWI/SNF subunit, caused(More)
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