Stiina Aarum

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Daily dosing of vitamin D supplements may be difficult among older people. Infrequent administration of 'megadoses' controlled by health care personnel may overcome adherence problem. We compared the efficacy and safety of two oral dosages (800 IU daily or 97333 IU four monthly) of vitamin D(3) resulting in the equal annual dose of 292000 IU. (More)
In 2000, regulation on orphan medicinal products was adopted in the European Union with the aim of benefiting patients who suffer from serious, rare conditions for which there is currently no satisfactory treatment. Since then, more than 850 orphan drug designations have been granted by the European Commission based on a positive opinion from the Committee(More)
In the European Union, sponsors have the responsibility to demonstrate the "intention to diagnose, prevent or treat" a serious and rare condition before the Committee of Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP), for a medicinal product to meet the criteria for Orphan Designation. This requirement is commonly referred to as "medical plausibility" and the(More)
A legislative framework introducing European public health measures on orphan medicinal products came into force in the European Union in April 2000. The aim of the orphan legislation is to stimulate research and development of medicinal products for rare diseases by providing incentives to the sponsors. Incentives include, among others, an unreserved(More)
The use of biomarkers within the procedures of the Committee of Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) is discussed herein. The applications for Orphan Medicinal Product designation in the EU are evaluated at two stages. At the time of orphan designation application, the file undergoes an assessment to establish whether the(More)
An analysis was performed on a data set of 157 orphan designated medicines with an outcome for marketing authorisation application (MAA) between 2000 and 2013. The intention was to understand the factors associated with marketing authorisation success, the challenges developers face regarding orphan medicine development, and how scientific advice (SA) is(More)
Author details Orphan Medicines Office, European Medicines Agency, 7 Westferry Circus, Canary Wharf, London E144HB, UK. Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte, Kurt-Georg-Kiesinger-Allee 3, Bonn 53175, Germany. Läkemedelsverket, Dag Hammarskjölds vägen 42, Uppsala 75103, Sweden. Research Institute for Medicines (iMED.ULisboa), Faculty of(More)
  • 1