Stiina Aarum

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OBJECTIVE Daily dosing of vitamin D supplements may be difficult among older people. Infrequent administration of 'megadoses' controlled by health care personnel may overcome adherence problem. We compared the efficacy and safety of two oral dosages (800 IU daily or 97333 IU four monthly) of vitamin D(3) resulting in the equal annual dose of 292000 IU. (More)
In 2000, regulation on orphan medicinal products was adopted in the European Union with the aim of benefiting patients who suffer from serious, rare conditions for which there is currently no satisfactory treatment. Since then, more than 850 orphan drug designations have been granted by the European Commission based on a positive opinion from the Committee(More)
A legislative framework introducing European public health measures on orphan medicinal products came into force in the European Union in April 2000. The aim of the orphan legislation is to stimulate research and development of medicinal products for rare diseases by providing incentives to the sponsors. Incentives include, among others, an unreserved(More)
The use of biomarkers within the procedures of the Committee of Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) is discussed herein. The applications for Orphan Medicinal Product designation in the EU are evaluated at two stages. At the time of orphan designation application, the file undergoes an assessment to establish whether the(More)
In the European Union, sponsors have the responsibility to demonstrate the "intention to diagnose, prevent or treat" a serious and rare condition before the Committee of Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP), for a medicinal product to meet the criteria for Orphan Designation. This requirement is commonly referred to as "medical plausibility" and the(More)
Erratum After publication of [1] it came to the authors' attention that Frauke Naumann-Winter's name was displayed incorrectly. The correct spelling of their name is included in this erratum. permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link(More)
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