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BACKGROUND The prevention and control of high blood pressure or other cardiovascular diseases has not received due attention in many developing countries. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of high blood pressure among adults in Addis Ababa, so as to inform policy and lay the ground for surveillance interventions. METHODS Addis Ababa is the(More)
Despite encouraging results from screening trials the efficacy of mammography in reducing mortality remains somewhat controversial. Five studies have been done in Sweden. This overview, based on 282,777 women followed for 5-13 years in randomised trials in Malmö, Kopparberg, Ostergötland, Stockholm, and Gothenburg, reveals a 24% (95% confidence interval(More)
Despite a growing burden of obesity and hypertension in developing countries, there is limited information on the contribution of body mass index (BMI) to blood pressure (BP) in these populations. This study examines the association between BMI and BP in three populations across Africa and Asia. Data on BMI, BP and other background characteristics of study(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate mean blood pressure (BP), prevalence of hypertension (defined as BP ≥140/90 mm Hg) and its awareness, treatment and control in the Vietnamese adult population. This cross-sectional survey took place in eight Vietnamese provinces and cities. Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 9832 participants from(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed the effect of poverty and social inequity on infant mortality risks in Nicaragua from 1988 to 1993 and the preventive role of maternal education. METHODS A cohort analysis of infant survival, based on reproductive histories of a representative sample of 10,867 women aged 15 to 49 years in León, Nicaragua, was conducted. A(More)
The Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register combines continuous prospective reporting on incident cases and regular retrospective review of hospital records in all paediatric departments in the country and has, from 1978 to 1987, compiled 3838 cases. A validity test using an independent source has revealed a degree of ascertainment of 100%. When fitting a(More)
INTRODUCTION We assessed the prevalence of substance use and its association with high blood pressure among adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS We employed a cross-sectional descriptive study design. The World Health Organization instrument for stepwise surveillance of risk factors for chronic diseases was applied on a probabilistic sample of 4001(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In Sweden, mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) increased steadily during the 20th century and in the mid-1980s it was highest in the county of Västerbotten. Therefore, a community intervention programme was launched - the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP) - with the aim of reducing morbidity and mortality from CVD(More)
In northwestern Tanzania, a population-based survey of HIV-1 infection in the Kagera region in 1987 demonstrated a high prevalence (24.2%) in adults of Bukoba town, whereas it was lower (10.0%) in the surrounding rural district of Bukoba. In 1993 and 1996, population-based cross-sectional studies were carried out in urban and rural Bukoba districts,(More)
The study originates from the arousal of suspicions that, in connection with loading and unloading work involving the use of trucks, exposure to diesel exhaust fumes may be carcinogenic. This report describes a register study in which a broad mapping of the cause-of-death pattern and cancer morbidity has been carried out through the matching of locally(More)