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The role of autophagy during leukemia treatment is unclear. On the one hand, autophagy might be induced as a prosurvival response to therapy, thereby reducing treatment efficiency. On the other hand, autophagy may contribute to degradation of fusion oncoproteins, as recently demonstrated for promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor α and breakpoint(More)
To define the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA maturation pathways, we analyzed the intracellular distribution of HIV-1 RNA and the viral regulatory proteins Rev and Tat in transfected COS cells and HIV-1-infected lymphoid C8166 cells by means of ultrastructural in situ hybridization using antisense RNA probes and immunoelectron microscopy.(More)
Novel strategies for efficient delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules with a potential for targeting are required for development of RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics. Here, we present a strategy that is based on delivery of siRNA molecules through the endocytic pathway, in order to develop a method for site-specific gene silencing. To(More)
The potential for exploration of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) as an experimental and therapeutic regulator of gene expression has been hampered by a poor delivery and a lack of site-specific targeting. In the present study, we have developed an efficient strategy for nuclear delivery of PNA by combining cationically charged PNA-peptide conjugates and(More)
The non-beta-oxidisable tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) is incorporated into cellular membranes when C3H/10T1/2 cells are cultured in TTA-containing medium. We here demonstrate that this alteration in cellular membranes affect the nuclear translocation of proteins involved in signal transduction. Analysis of cellular fatty acid composition shows that TTA(More)
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